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Name: Litopys UPA - A History. Documents and Materials
Volume: 42
Editor in Chief: P.J. Potichnyj
Author: P.J. Potichnyj
Publication Year: 2005
ISBN (Canada): 0-920092-85-3
ISBN (Ukraine): 966-96340-4-0
Pages Count: 617

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A Brief History of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company


Collection of Materials on the History of the UPA, 1947 — 1948

The soldiers of the UPA, who launched a raid into Western Europe in 1947-49, considered it their duty to leave for posterity a lasting memory of the liberation struggles during and after the Second World War.

The circumstances under which UPA raiding units were forced to break through to the Western world were difficult. Persecuted by the enemy, exhausted by combat and hunger, nevertheless they managed not only to keep their weapons but also to bring a number of valuable documents, some of which were subsequently published.

These materials include:

1. Photographs and diaries from Volodymyr Shchyhelskyi’s (“Burlaka”) Company, kept by the company’s Warrant Officer Taras Buryi (“Burkun”) and medic Bohdan Huk (“Skala”), which were brought to West Germany.[1]

2. Diaries of Company Commander Iaroslav Kotsiolok (“Krylach”).[2]

3. Memoirs of the raid by Company Commander Mykhailo Duda (“Hromenko”) and unit diagrams drawn up by Platoon Leader Mykhailo Ozymko (“Zalizniak”), as well as notes made by the company’s Warrant Officer Ivan Iovyk (“Sokolenko”).[3]

4. Diaries kept by Political Instructor Zynovii Sokoluk (“Semeniv)”[4]

5. A diary kept by the platoon leader of “Mriia’s” Company, Roman Bodnar (“Sahaidachnyi”).

6. Diaries and notes of Mykhailo Fedak (“Smyrnyi”).

7. Materials, memoirs, notes, and photographs of Modest Ripeckyj (“Horyslav”).[5]

8. Materials and reports of Stepan Golash (“Mar”).[6]

9. Some materials from the archives of Mykhailo Ozymko (“Zalizniak”) and Ivan Khoma (“Bohdan”).[7]

The collected archival materials include not only materials that were brought to the West by members of UPA raiding units, but also documents that were delivered by couriers from the underground in Ukraine to the leaders of the External Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (ZP UHVR) and the External Units of the OUN (ZCh OUN).

The problem of organizing a safe place for storing these archival materials in Western Europe was a complex one. It was pointless, and indeed impossible, to organize a central archive in these uncertain conditions. Separate archives had to be created within various institutions and frequently on different continents. The following should be mentioned:

I) Leadership of the UPA Raiding Units in the Displaced Persons’ Camp in the city of Regensburg, Germany. This archive contains reports, minutes, lists of raid participants, and some memoirs and photographs. These archival materials were preserved because when UPA soldiers were emigrating from Germany to North America, Petro Mykolenko (“Baida”) and Modest Ripeckyj (“Horyslav”) brought these materials to the US.[8]

II) A significant collection of materials was amassed in Munich in the Archives of the UPA Mission (Misiia UPA) at the ZP UHVR. Among the most important documents are lists of personal data and completed forms, as well as photographs from individual ID cards belonging to members of the Raiding Units.

The Archive of the UPA Mission also contained reprints of underground publications from Ukraine and sets of the military-political journal Do Zbroi.

As soon as the former UPA soldiers emigrated from Germany to the US, Canada, and Australia, the mission’s archive remained on the premises of a printing shop owned by Ivan Butkovs’kyi (“Hutsul”). When Colonel Ivan Butkovs’kyi died tragically in a streetcar accident in Munich on 5 July 1967, this collection of materials disappeared without a trace. The only documents that were saved were those that had been recopied and circulated among a narrow circle of leaders of the ZCh OUN. Afterwards, Dr. Daria Rebet handed them over to the editors of Litopys UPA.[9]

III. Archives of the ZP UHVR

The archival materials of the General Secretary Mykola Lebed and materials belonging to the second vice-president of the UHVR, Rev. Dr. Ivan Hryniokh, were brought to the US from Germany in the 1950s.Initially, this collection of UHVR documents, known as the Archive of the ZP UHVR, was located in New York City. Later, as part of the archives, it was transferred to the Prolog Research and Publishing Corporation. Following a disagreement and split that took place in the Prolog Corporation, the Archive of the ZP UHVR was taken over by a company owned by Petro Sodol, the publisher of a small encyclopedic reference work entitled Ukrains’ka Povstans’ka Armiia 1943-1949.

Mykola Lebed stored some of the more important documents in his home in Yonkers, NY. After his death, some of these materials were stored by his daughter; after her death, they were donated as a collection to the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute (HURI). A similar fate befell the archive of Rev. Dr. Ivan Hryniokh. After his death, the archive was transferred to his brother, who was a parish priest in Pennsylvania. Later, this archive disappeared without a trace. A few scattered documents may be found in the Mykola Lebed Papers in Harvard; others are now in the possession of Lesia Krypiakevych of L’viv.

Some of Mykola Lebed’s secret archival materials and documents that concern the intelligence activity and links with the underground in Ukraine, and which were connected with the American and British intelligences services, are still inaccessible today.

The archives of other members of the ZP UHVR are also inaccessible. Prof. Lew Shankovsky’s large archive, which was stored in his home in Philadelphia, has ended up in the hands of unknown individuals. The archive of Dr. Myroslav Prokop is still in the possession of his widow, and it is not known when they will become available to researchers. Only a small portion of Vasyl’ Potishko’s materials are stored in the archive of the University of Toronto.[10] It is not known whether other members of the UHVR, who lived abroad, kept their archives.

IV. Archives of the ZCh OUN

There was never any one central archive of the ZCh OUN. The largest number of collected materials was stored in Munich, Germany, and London (England). Part of these archives was transferred to the US and Canada. In time, however, the archives stored by the organizations of the Liberation Front in Toronto were transferred to New York City, but for various reasons they remain inaccessible.[11]

Individual sections of the leadership had their own archives, including:

A. The Security Service (SB) Section in Munich had two archives, a general archive and a secret one. The secret one contained documents accessible only to a handful of vetted members.

B. The general SB archive contained materials, minutes, and reports of SB territorial cells of the ZCh OUN network.[12]

C. The section that was responsible for links with Ukraine (Kraievi Zviazky: KZ) of the ZCh OUN had its own archives containing documents that were accessible only to a handful of vetted members.[13]

D. Other sections of the ZCh OUN also had their own archives.

E. Historically important documents were stored among the personal papers of the leader Stepan Bandera, which contained, among other documents, originals of letters written by leading members of the Ukrainian underground.[14]

V. Archive of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company

At the present time the Litopys UPA Publishing Company has its own archival centers located in two cities, Toronto and L’viv. The largest collection of documents is stored in The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Ukraine at the University of Toronto. This collection contains a large number of microfilms of German documents, as well as the complete archive of the Interior Troops of the NKVS/MVS (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs/Ministry of Internal Affairs) of the Ukrainian District for the years 1944-1954, which contains approximately 150,000 pages of documents. These documents were acquired with the financial assistance of the Homin Ukrainy Publishing Company. Among them are many Soviet paper documents issued by various levels—from the raion committee level to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine (CC CPU), and even a so-called “Special Stalin File” (Osobaia papka Stalina), which contains information and letters exchanged among the most high-ranking Soviet leaders concerning the Ukrainian underground.[15]

The archive also contains Polish Security Service documents on microfilm and paper, which were collected on the Ukrainian liberation underground on the territories of Zakerzonnia in connection with the trial of Myroslav Onyshkevych (“Orest”), the commander of VO UPA 6 “Sian.” There are also Polish security documents on the links between the underground leadership in Ukraine and abroad (the case of Leon Lapinsky (“Zenon”). As mentioned earlier, this archive also contains some documents from the personal papers of the late Dr. Modest Ripeckyj.[16]

The archive also features three collections of underground documents that were recently discovered in special hiding places. One of these collections was found in the Lemko region and purchased for Litopys UPA with the assistance of Julian Kotlar. Most of the materials in this collection of documents, which concerns the “Beskyd” Nadraion, are in very fragile condition and are being restored. Another collection contains materials discovered in 2004 in the village of Ozerna, in Ternopil’ oblast. The originals of these documents and materials are stored in the State Archive of Ternopil Oblast (DATO). Complete access to this collection is also available in Toronto.[17] The third collection of documents was found buried in the area of Belzets’, in the Liubachiv region.[18] These materials also need to be restored and for the time being researchers have no access to them.

Among the other items in the archive are materials and documents of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company and the two organizations that created it and are supporting it to the present day: the Association of Former UPA Soldiers of the US and Canada (Ob’iednannia Kolyshnikh Voiakiv UPA-OKV UPA) and the General Taras Chuprynka Society of Former UPA Soldiers in the US and Canada (Tovarystvo Kolyshnikh Voiakiv UPA im. hen. Tarasa Chuprynky ZDA i Kanady-TKV UPA). The collection of the OKV UPA documents is nearly complete and contains information on its Main Administration (Holovna uprava) and stanytsias. The TKV UPA collection, which was formerly in the possession of Mykola Kulyk and Volodymyr Makar, is mostly limited to materials concerning the Toronto Stanytsia. It also contains a few materials provided by Stepan Golash, which reflect the activity of the Main Administration and the Chicago Stanytsia.[19]

VI. Archives in Ukraine

In addition to the above-mentioned archival collections that served as the source of published materials for the main series, since the proclamation of Ukraine’s state independence our publishing company has begun to make use of the immense resources on our nation’s liberation struggle, which are stored in various archives in Ukraine: Central State Archive of Executive Organs of Ukraine (TsDAVOU), Central State Archive of Civic Associations of Ukraine (TsDAHOU), Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine (DA SBU) , and a number of regional archives, primarily in western Ukraine. The volumes of the New Series of Litopys UPA and the Library Series are now being published on the basis of these materials.[20]

Therefore, with access now available to archival collections, plans were made from the very beginning to begin publishing materials on the UPA’s liberation struggle, and wherever possible, to help uncover and collect documents and materials about this struggle. To this end it was decided to create an appropriate executive body, which from the very outset was comprised exclusively of members of the Former Members of UPA in the US and Canada.

The Creation of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company

At the 10th Congress of the of the Former Members of the UPA (OKV UPA), held on 2 September 1973, a resolution was passed to collect historically important materials, documents, and memoirs of UPA members, and to publish them in separate volumes under the general title Litopys Ukrains’koi Povstans’koi Armii [Chronicle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army].[21]

In order to carry out this task, a separate division (section) called the Editorial Board was formed as part of the Main Administration of the OKV UPA.

The term “Editorial Board” is not an accurate one because it was responsible for more than just publishing. It was essential to organize an administration, create a financial base and print shop, find suppliers, and acquire a readership.

Four members were elected to the Editorial Board: Dr. Modest Ripeckyj, Prof. Dr. Peter J. Potichnyj, Mykhailo Fedak, and Danylo Mirshuk (a writer known as Stepan Fedorivs’kyi). All the members of the Main Administration and all the stanytsias of the OKV UPA in North America undertook to assist the Editorial Board.[22]

Two items were circulated among all the members of the association, who were informed of the decision to publish Litopys UPA:

I. The Bulletin of the Main Administration, no. 1 (October 1973), signed by deputy head Jaroslaw Strutynskyj and secretary Maria Ripeckyj,[23] informing them that the 10th Congress of the Association of Former UPA Soldiers in the US and Canada was held on 1-2 September 1973 at the Dibrova resort near Detroit, MI.

II. Appeal of the Editorial Board of Litopys UPA, whose members were elected at the congress, requesting all former UPA soldiers to assist in the editing of the new publication. The appeal was signed by Modest Ripeckyj and Mykhailo Fedak.[24]

The Main Administration undertook to provide financial assistance to the publishing company and, with this goal in mind, turned over the 1973-74 caroling proceeds to the Litopys UPA Publishing Company.

In 1975 the co-editors completed the first two books on the subject of Volyn’ and Polissia, and in early 1976 the first volume was submitted to the Kyiv Printing Company in Toronto.[25]

One of the Editorial Board’s most important tasks was to choose an editor in chief, who would be capable of editing Litopys UPA as a historical-documentary compilation. The selection of a suitable candidate was undertaken in Canada by Prof. Peter J. Potichnyj and in the US by Dr. Modest Ripeckyj.

Acting on a suggestion from Petro Mykolenko and Mykhailo Fedak, Prof. Potichnyj invited Dr. Roman Olynyk-Rakhmanny to edit the first volume of Litopys UPA. However, Dr. Olynyk declined the proposal, owing to various prior obligations.

At this time Dr. M. Ripeckyj offered the post of editor in chief to two individuals: Dr. Zynovii Sokoluk (“Semeniv”) in Germany, and Ievhen Shtendera, MA (“Prirva”) in Canada.

On 24 October 1973 a letter was sent to Ievhen Shtendera, with information about the 10th Congress of the OKV UPA, as well as the decision to publish Litopys UPA. An invitation to accept the post of editor in chief was also included in the letter.[26] A reply to this letter was received in late November 1974. In his letter Ie. Shtendera explained the reasons behind his lengthy silence and offered some editorial advice, but at this point he did not accept the post of editor in chief of Litopys UPA.[27] He sent another letter at the end of November 1974, in which he agreed to become a member of the Editorial Board and elucidated some of his views on editorial and publishing issues.[28] A letter sent to Ie. Shtendera, thanking him for joining the Editorial Board, emphasized that Litopys UPA would be a compilation of documentary-historical materials.[29]

On 19 December 1973 a letter was sent to Zynovii Sokoluk, informing him about the proceedings of the Congress of the OKV UPA and the decision to publish the Litopys UPA.[30] Dr. Sokoluk replied only on 11 April 1974. He agreed to work with the Editorial Board and assist with its work by offering his papers, advice, and instructions, but owing to other obligations, he was unable to accept the post of editor.[31] During his collaboration with the Editorial Board Zynovii Sokoluk wrote a number of letters with detailed explanations and commentaries on the board’s work.[32] During this period efforts were made to recruit various prominent individuals to assist in the work on Litopys UPA, including Col. Iurii Lopatynsky (“Kalyna”),[33] Mykhailo Ozymko (“Zalizniak”),[34] Iryna Borivets’-Salamakha (“Renta”),[35] Dr. Myroslav Prokop,[36] and Prof. Lew Shankovsky.[37] A letter was also sent to the Head of the Leadership of the External Units of the OUN Yaroslav Stetsko [38] and others.

Following the preparatory stage and the beginning of Ievhen Shtendera’s collaboration, in late 1974 the Litopys UPA Publishing Company was restructured. Modest Ripeckyj remained as head, while Ievhen Shtendera and Peter J. Potichnyj became the co-editors. Mykhailo Fedak and Volodymyr Dashko remained the chief administrators, and Mykhailo Migus and Stepan Babiak were named members of the administration.

The Main Administration and all the stanytsias of the OKV UPA continued to further the work on the publication of Litopys UPA.

From the very beginning of the formation of the publishing company, efforts were undertaken to ensure that these books would represent joint collaboration of all the participants of the liberation movement. To this end efforts were launched to enlist the help of the General Taras Chuprynka Society of Former UPA Soldiers, UPA members from Col. Andrii Melnyk’s milieu, and members of UPA units “Polis’ka Sich” and units led by Taras Borovets’ (“Bul’ba”).

Attempts to cooperate with otaman Taras Borovets’ and his supporters ended in failure. Unfortunately, a book of memoirs published by his followers contains a number of incorrect or false facts. Major Petro Mykolenko’s attempts to establish working contacts with him were completely ignored.[39] Contact was established with the OUN(M) milieu with the assistance of Maksym Skorupsky (“Maks”).[40] In 1976 Dr. Modest Ripeckyj invited him to join the Litopys UPA Publishing Company. Initially, Maksym Skorupsky gave a verbal commitment to cooperate, but shortly afterwards all contact with him ceased. On 28 June 1978, after a two-year period of silence, he sent the Presidium of the Publishing Committee of Litopys UPA a long letter, the most important excerpts of which appear below. He writes:

“Dear comrade doctor!

First of all, I apologize for my tardy reply. There were many reasons for this, including the fact that I don’t know how to respond to your proposal.

You and your friends were aware of my participation and position in the UPA earlier, but none of you took this into consideration. The first two volumes of Litopys UPA, dedicated to the UPA struggle in Volyn,’ [which] you have already published, are full of contradictory and even inaccurate historical statements. Of course, you will not be re-printing them, so all I can do is write refutations of them, which I shall do shortly.

If you would like me to look over the materials that you are preparing for publication, I will gladly provide my comments or additional details…”

Unfortunately, the unexpected death of Maksym Skorupsky put an end to this brief cooperation.

Further attempts to enlist the cooperation of members of the OUN(M) milieu were made in 1989-1990, when the Presidium instructed talks to take place in Paris between Prof. Peter J. Potichnyj and the head of the Leadership of Ukrainian Nationalists (PUN) Mykola Plaviuk in the presence of Stepan Mardak, the main representative of this organization in Cologne, Germany.[41]

The greatest success in the organizational domain, however, should be considered the creation of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company by two veteran organizations, the Association of Former UPA Soldiers in the US and Canada (OKV UPA) and the General Taras Chuprynka Societies of Former UPA Soldiers in the US and Canada (TKV UPA).

The head of the Editorial Board sent the following letter to the society’s Main Administration:

General Taras Chuprynka Society of

Former UPA Soldiers in the US and Canada,

Main Administration

6 March 1976

Dear friends!

Allow me to inform you about a matter concerning Litopys Ukrains’koi Povstans’koi Armii.

At the 10th Congress of the Association of Former UPA Soldiers, [held] in September 1973, we decided to begin publishing Litopys UPA.

In order to carry out the above task, the General Congress selected an Editorial Board. For two years the Editorial Board worked on collecting and compiling materials.

In August 1975 the 11th General Congress of the Association approved the work begun by the Editorial Board, and also ratified the plan for its continuing activity.

A representative of your society was present at our congresses and had an opportunity to hear the Editorial Board’s reports and inform you in greater detail about the plans to publish Litopys UPA.

We have already submitted the first volume of Litopys UPA, with the theme of Volyn’ and Polissia during the German occupation, for printing.

We have planned Litopys UPA as a serial publication in book form. Each compilation will focus on a specific problem.

Volume Two of Litopys UPA is also being prepared on the topic of Volyn’ and Polissia.

We urgently request you to support the work that we have initiated.

We invite you to actively participate in the publication of further volumes of Litopys UPA.

We consider that in this generally inauspicious period for the Ukrainian liberation issue, at a time when the enemy is publishing false [and] fabricated documents on the UPA struggle, it is the duty of every former participant in the liberation struggle to ensure that this period in our history is objectively documented.

We hope that at the very next meeting we will be welcoming your representatives as members of the Editorial Board of Litopys UPA.

With soldierly greetings,

Modest Ripeckyj (personal signature)

Head of the Editorial Board

The head of the society’s Main Administration, Mykhailo Kovalchyn, expressed thanks for the invitation to collaborate on the publication of Litopys UPA and welcomed the proposal. As the letter below indicates, he promised to raise this issue at a meeting of the Main Administration.

Philadelphia, 25 March 1976

Association of Former UPA Soldiers

in the US and Canada (OKV UPA),

Main Administration

Editorial Board

Thank you very much for your letter of 6 March of this year, inviting us, i.e., our society, to cooperate, or rather to take part in the joint publication of the Litopys UPA series.

The issue that you raise in your letter is a serious one and for that reason I cannot take any decisions unilaterally. This issue must be decided by the Main Administration of the society at a meeting that will take place this year on 1 April.

I am almost certain that the Main Administration will hand down a positive decision on this matter. But in order to commence the joint publication of Litopys UPA, we would have to know your conditions. If there are any stipulations, we would be very grateful if you would send them to us before our next meeting.

We should have been collaborating long ago, at least in the publishing sphere, which by now would certainly have led to our complete amalgamation.

We will inform you immediately of the decision of our Main Administration and the designation of our members to the Editorial Board.

Glory to Ukraine!

Cordially yours,

On behalf of the Main Administration:

(personal signature)

M. Kovalchyn, head M. Klymko, secretary

Shortly afterwards, on 3 April 1976, the following letter was received from the society’s authorized representative.

Yonkers, 3 April 1976

Dr. Modest Ripeckyj, Head

Editorial Board, Litopys UPA

Chicago, IL

To the Head:

At a meeting of the Main Administration of the Society of Former UPA Soldiers I was authorized to represent our Main Administration in the matter concerning Litopys UPA.

Until now, with the exception of your letter and announcements in the press, we have no other information about the members of the Editorial Board and your plan.

In your announcement you state that the Litopys is being edited by a board comprised of former UPA soldiers, whereas you should state that it is being edited by a board consisting of members of the association.

Please do not put us into a situation requiring us to make a public statement.

We have the good will to become a partner, but before we do so, we must have exact information about the entire task.

I would appreciate if, immediately upon receipt of this letter, you would write me a reply and provide exact information, so that I in turn may share this information with the members of our Main Administration.

With soldierly greetings,

(personal signature)

Lev Futala

The request of the society’s representative was fulfilled, with the head of the Editorial Board explaining that the press announcement had not stated that this was a publication of the OKV UPA but of all former UPA soldiers because the main goal was to have Litopys UPA serve as a publication of all participants in the liberation struggle of the 1940s-1950s. In his letter he also expressed regret that certain circles within the Society of Former UPA Soldiers (TKV UPA) had misunderstood the plans and efforts of the publishing company’s organizers.

Cooperation between the OKV UPA and the TKV UPA

Within a short time the minor misunderstandings concerning the joint publication of Litopys UPA with the Society of Former UPA Soldiers (TKV UPA) were cleared up, and the partners launched their friendly cooperation. At a joint meeting held in Toronto on 11-12 December 1976, an autonomous institution called the Litopys UPA Publishing Company was created. It consisted of members of the Association of Former UPA Soldiers in the US and Canada (OKV UPA), the General Taras Chuprynka Society of Former UPA Soldiers in the US and its Canadian counterpart (TKV UPA).[42]

A Provisional Charter of the Publishing Committee of Litopys Ukrains’koi Povstans’koi Armii was also adopted at this time.[43]

At the first meeting the leading organs of the Publishing Committee, Presidium, Editorial Board, and Administration were created, with members of both organizations occupying posts on a parity basis.[44] The composition of the Presidium included Modest Ripeckyj, Mykhailo Kovalchyn, Ievhen Shtendera, Volodymyr Makar, Jaroslaw Strutynskyj, Stepan Golash, Mykhailo Migus, and Mykola Kulyk.

The following individuals were named to the Editorial Board: co-editors Ievhen Shtendera and Peter J. Potichnyj; members: Stepan Golash, Volodymyr Makar, Bohdan Ianio-Kruk, Petro Mykolenko, Jaroslaw Strutynskyj, Modest Ripeckyj, Mykhailo Bokhno, Andrii Dolnycky, Lev Futala, and Mykhailo Fedak.

The Administration was comprised of the following individuals: Mykhailo Fedak, Volodymyr Dashko, Stepan Babiak, Mykola Koshyk, Ivan Kozak, Ivan Rybs’kyi, Ivan Rosil; associate members: Mykola Lebed, Lew Shankovsky, Roman Petrenko, Iurii Lopatynsky, Iaroslava-Marta Fil', Zynovii Sokoluk, Victor Novak, Stepan Novyts’kyi.[45]

Registration of the Publishing Company

In keeping with the laws of Canada and the Province of Ontario, the newly created publishing company was obliged to go through a registration process. On 30 May 1977 an application was submitted to the Ministry of Consumer and Commercial Relations (Government of Ontario) concerning the registration (Letters Patent) of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company as a corporation “without share capital,” with the right to publish and distribute a serial publication entitled Litopys UPA.[46]

The following individuals signed the application: Modest Ripeckyj, Ievhen Shtendera, Peter J. Potichnyj, Mykhailo Fedak, Mykhailo Migus, Mykhailo Kovalchyn, Mykola Kulyk, Volodymyr Makar, Stepan Golash, and Mykola Koshyk. These same individuals were proposed as members of the Board of Directors of the new corporation.[47]

The corporation pledged to be a non-profit organization and invest all its proceeds on realizing its goals. The members of the Board of Directors agreed to work without remuneration. In the event that the corporation was dissolved, after the payment of bonds and debts, the existing property would be divided among charitable organizations in the Province of Ontario.[48]

On 5 January 1978 the corporation obtained Letters Patent and no. 369498 of the Province of Ontario, confirmed by the Corporate Services Section on 21 January 1978, granting it full rights to carry out its tasks.[49]

The early years of the Publishing Committee were the most difficult ones: not only was there a dearth of archival documents and memoirs written by former participants of the UPA’s liberation struggle but also a lack of technical equipment, office space, or even space for storing and distributing the printed books. The committee had no financial resources and was forced to start from scratch. In these dismal conditions, a handful of devotees—former members of the UPA and OUN liberation struggle — began to carry out a monumental task: to publish scholarly, objective materials on the defensive-liberation struggle of the Ukrainian people against all occupiers.

Without the help of the Ukrainian community and individual supporters, it would have been impossible to carry out this important project. Listed in issue no. 3 of the Publishing Committee’s Bulletin in 1984 were the names of UPA veterans and their families and close friends who, without even being members of the Publishing Committee, worked selflessly for the Litopys UPA Publishing Company for many years during the workweek and on weekends, sending out books as quickly as possible to subscribers, distributors, libraries, and bookstores: R. Bilous, V. Bamburak and his son Petro, M. Kotsur, S. Kotelets’, Mykhailo Kulyk, A. Marechko, Iu. Rybs’kyi, M. Sluzhala, Mariika Sych, Volodymyr Pastukh, Iaroslav Trushyk, P. Shumsky, Myron Rosil, Roman Fedak, Andrii Kulyk, V. and I. Dushenchuk, et al.[50] The Publishing Committee of Litopys UPA and the entire Ukrainian community owe them a debt of gratitude.

As time passed, the composition of the Publishing Committee changed for various reasons. The committee lost a number of members and assistants as a result of death: Stepan Babiak (“Orlenko”), Dr. Bohdan Zynovii Huk (“Skala”), Andrii Kysil-Dolnycky, (“Holubenko”), Ivan Kozak (“Borys”), Dr. Bohdan Ianio-Kruk (“Melodiia”), General Secretary of the External Representation of the UHVR Mykola Lebed (“Ruban,” “Maksym”), Lieutenant-Colonel Iurii Lopatynsky (“Kalyna”), Volodymyr Makar (“Vadym”), Petro Mykolenko (Mykola Savchenko) (“Baida”), Ivan Dmytryk (“Drahomyr”), Mykhailo Ozymko (“Zalizniak”), Stepan Novyts’kyi (“Serbyn,” “Stepovyi”), Zynovii Sokoluk (“Semeniv”), Jaroslaw Strutynskyj (“Iaspar,” “Novyi”), Danylo Mirshuk (Stepan Fedorivs’kyi, “Lypovyi”), Ivan Khoma (“Bohdan”), Prof. Lew Shankovsky (“Dzvin,” “Martovych”), Dr. Myroslav Prokop (“Volodymyr,” “Orlovych,” “Radovych,” “Harmash”), Petro Hnatiuk (“Dorosh”), Iurii Rybs’kyi (“Rybak”), Ivan Lyko (“Skala”, “Bohdan”), Volodymyr Dashko (“Marko”).

The Editorial Board also lost the following members due to death: Stepan Golash, Volodymyr Makar, Bohdan Ianio-Kruk, Petro Mykolenko, Jaroslaw Strutynskyj, Modest Ripeckyj, and Andrii Dolnycky. Mykhailo Fedak left for health reasons. The following long-time supporters left the board: Mykola Lebed, Lew Shankovsky, Iurii Lopatynsky, Zynovii Sokoluk, Stepan Novyts’kyi, and Myroslav Prokop. The only remaining members of the first group were Roman Petrenko, Victor Novak, and Iaroslava-Marta Fil’, but their activity was limited owing to their advancing age.

Finally, for various personal reasons, Ievhen Shtendera resigned his position as editor in chief in 1999.[51] Owing to ill health and a conflict that arose among the members of the Presidium, he was practically inactive since 1997. At the Plenary Sessions in 1998 strong notes of dissatisfaction surfaced concerning the slow pace of preparing new volumes, the unsatisfactory situation in L’viv, and the creation of the archive at the University of Toronto.[52] Almost all of 1998 and half of 1999 passed in rather fruitless correspondence between the editor Ie. Shtendera, the co-editor P. J. Potichnyj, the administrator Mykola Kulyk, and the head of the publishing company M. Ripeckyj.[53] In view of the fact that Ievhen Shtendera was not prepared either to retract his many insinuations about his co-editor, P. J. Potichnyj, and the administrator, M. Kulyk, or to conclude this matter in an amicable fashion, both members of the Publishing Committee were forced to defend their honour by launching a lawsuit.

This conflict was thoroughly discussed at the Plenary Session of the Publishing Committee, held on 5-6 June 1999.[54] It was decided that, “owing to the absence or inability of the editor in chief to fulfill his obligations, the co-editor automatically replaces him.” Nevertheless, Ievhen Shtendera would be asked to explain “his intentions concerning his continued association with the publishing company.”[55] After many protracted attempts to settle this matter the head the publishing house, Dr. M. Ripeckyj implemented the plenum’s decision and appointed Peter J. Potichnyj editor in chief. However, owing to the lack of suitable candidates, the post of co-editor was not filled.

Expanding Activity in Ukraine

Immediately after the breakup of the USSR and the declaration of Ukraine’s independence, the plenum and management of our publishing company began seeking opportunities to expand their work in Ukraine. It was not simply a question of distributing already published materials but of obtaining access to new sources of information, i.e., archives, and eventually enlisting new associates. The 13th Plenary Session in April 1989 had already discussed possible long-term changes in the USSR and the consequences that such transformations might have for the goals and tasks of the publishing company.[56] In the following years the plenums devoted increasingly more attention to this question.[57] Talks between P. J. Potichnyj and Ievhen Zherebets’kyi at the conference of the International Association of Ukrainists resulted in the idea to create a joint enterprise in Ukraine, whose main goal would be to reprint all the volumes in the Litopys UPA series.[58] This project was discussed during a telephone conversation and later at a meeting of the Publishing Committee held on 24-25 November 1990.[59] Also discussed was the possibility of re-publishing the volumes of Litopys UPA in Poland and distributing them in Ukraine.

These issues were discussed again at the plenary sessions of the Publishing Committee on 20-21 April 1991 in Toronto, where the participants heard that all sorts of unforeseen problems were cropping up in connection with the plans to republish the volumes of Litopys UPA in Ukraine.[60] For example, Ievhen Zherebets’kyi, who had begun to re-publish the volumes of the Litopys UPA series, rather ineptly changed the format, which displeased the editorial board and administration in Canada.[61] During the trip to Ukraine, which was mainly devoted to the visit of a Chinese delegation there and only partly to Litopys UPA publishing matters, contacts were also established with the head of the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography at the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Prof. Pavlo S. Sokhan’, Hennadii V. Boriak, and Dr. Iaroslav Dashkevych). These contacts paved the way for further cooperation between the Litopys UPA Publishing Company and various scholarly and state institutions in Ukraine.[62] Attempts to create a joint enterprise called Litopys UPA in Ukraine with the Republican Association of Ukrainists (RAU) continued, but ultimately ended in failure.[63]

At the plenary sessions of the Publishing Committee of Litopys UPA in June 1992 it was decided to form divisions of this publication and establish links with scholarly research institutions in Ukraine.[64] Similar efforts were undertaken that summer in L’viv and Kyiv.[65]

The Litopys UPA Joint Enterprise (SP Litopys)

It was difficult to organize the administrative branch in L’viv. The main burden of this work fell on Dr. Modest Ripeckyj, the head of the publishing company, and M. Kulyk, the main administrator. After lengthy negotiations, in 1992 they succeeded in creating a joint enterprise called Litopys UPA [Spil’ne pidpryiemstvo “Litopys UPA,” hereafter called SP], which consisted of three private individuals based in Ukraine.[66]

The main task of the SP was to manage the affairs of Litopys UPA, as well as to print, republish, and distribute published volumes. A meeting of the founders of the SP was held on 28 August 1992. The following individuals represented our publishing company at the meeting: M. Ripeckyj, M. Kulyk, and Ie. Shtendera; all three became members of the SP. The members from Ukraine included Dr. Ia. S. Lial’ka, V. Chornovus, and Leonid Revoniuk. The Litopys UPA Publishing Company provided 90% of the capital (the company placed $10,000 US in the Charter Fund), while each private member from Ukraine provided 3.33%, a total of 10%. It should be noted that owing to a lack of financial resources, the Litopys UPA Publishing Company covered the contributions of the individuals from Ukraine. On 20 December 1992 Iu. Shtendera of Ukraine joined the board of the SP, and in keeping with the plenum’s decision of 20 June 1993, Lev Futala was also named a member of the board.[67] This somewhat changed the proportion of investments. The Litopys UPA Publishing Company now had an 88% share, while each private member had 3%, or a total of 12%.[68] Hopes that the SP would operate effectively were not realized.

At the 1993 Plenum the report by the head of the publishing company indicates that the SP was not operating efficiently, owing to differences that had cropped among its directors, especially between Ia. Lial’ka, V. Chornovus, and L. Revoniuk.[69] A number of shortcomings in the work of the SP were corroborated by L. Futala, who was visiting Ukraine in July 1993 and had been instructed to look into the situation.[70] At the next general meeting, held on 17-18 September 1993 and attended by representatives of the Publishing Committee M. Ripeckyj, M. Kulyk, and Ie. Shtendera, Ia. Lial’ka was dismissed as head of the board and replaced by V. Chornovus. Ia. Lial’ka and L. Revoniuk remained the executive directors of the SP, and Iu. Shtendera was named fourth co-director.[71] In a letter to V. Chornovus, dated 28 May 1997, the head of the publishing company, M. Ripeckyj, informed him that M. Ripeckyj, M. Kulyk, Ie. Shtendera, and L. Futala, would remain members of the Canadian Board of Directors, in addition to a new member, Roman Kulyk.[72] He also informed V. Chornovus that L. Futala, M. Kovalchyn, and P. J. Potichnyj would be in Ukraine in July, and was therefore requesting him to convene a general meeting of the SP at that time.[73] He also reminded V. Chornovus that plans to reorganize the SP as a charitable organization had been made as early as May 1996, but after one year nothing had been done in this matter.[74]

This situation lasted until 1997. At the annual meeting in June a motion was put forward to dismiss Ia. Lial’ka from the SP.[75] But, owing to the fact that every legal necessity had not been observed, this proposal was implemented only at the meeting of the SP held on 21 October 1997,[76] at which time his monetary contribution of 3.4% was paid out to him. At the same time, on a motion put forward by V. Chornovus (minutes, item no. 8), the Charter Fund of the enterprise was divided so that the Litopys UPA Publishing Company would control 29% of the investments, while the private members would control 71% (Chornovus 25%, Revoniuk 23%, Shtendera 23%). Item no. 9 of the minutes confirmed the changes and addenda to the Agreement of 20 December 1992 creating the SP, and a meeting held on 17 March 1993 confirmed the changes to the Statute.[77] The attempt to take complete control of the SP and to reduce the Litopys UPA Publishing Company to a minor co-owner elicited opposition from the publishing company’s board members. In a letter dated 11 November 1997 the head of the Litopys UPA Publishing Company not only rejected the proposed changes but forbade V. Chornovus to register the above-mentioned documents.[78]

The changes that were made to Ukraine’s legislation in 1997 required modifications to the SP in L’viv.[79] In 1998, in keeping with current legislation, the SP Litopys UPA was changed to TzOV Litopys UPA, located at pl. Mitskevycha, 6/7, in L’viv. The founders of the association were: the Litopys UPA Publishing Company (Corporation without Share Capital), Canada; the Volodymyr Makar Litopys UPA Charitable Fund [Blahodiinyi fond “Litopys UPA” im. Volodymyra Makara, hereafter BF]; and the private individuals V. Chornovus, Iu. Shtendera, and L. Revoniuk.[80] The leading organs of the TzOV were the shareholders’ meetings, the board (which functions in between meetings), the executive board headed by the general director, and the Revision Commission.[81]

The affairs of the TzOV were discussed in detail at the 23rd Plenary Session held on 5-6 June 1999.[82] The discussions focused on the inactivity of the current leading organs in L’viv, particularly of V. Chornovus and Iu. Shtendera. It was decided to adopt appropriate measures to remedy the situation. A decision was also made to convene a general meeting of the TzOV and the BF in October, and to send three delegates to the meeting: M. Ripeckyj, M. Kulyk, and P. J. Potichnyj.[83]

The year 1999 also saw significant changes taking place in the Litopys UPA enterprises. The management of the SP and BF was clearly not working effectively. The publication and distribution of books were reduced to a minimum, and there were constant attempts to increase the employees’ salaries in L’viv. The issue of purchasing premises for the Litopys UPA was proceeding at too slow a pace, which was detrimental to the publishing company.[84]

The general meeting of the SP and BF, held on 25-26 October 1999, took place in a strained atmosphere. The managers had prepared no written reports, despite the fact that the general meeting had been announced more than one month earlier. In the end, implementing a decision passed by the 23rd Plenary Session, the representatives of the publishing company, i.e., M. Ripeckyj, P. J. Potichnyj, and I. Lyko, in the face of various obstacles, introduced changes to the administration of both organizations. Leonid Revoniuk was named general director of the SP. Konstiantyn Ishchyk, who was named deputy director, was also elected president of the BF, with L. Revoniuk as vice-president. Volodymyr Chornovus remained in the Revision Commission, and Liudmyla Koliasa was retained as the bookkeeper for both organizations.[85]

Nonetheless, the hopes of the plenum participants to improve the situation did not materialize. The new administration was unable to find new methods of cooperation. The conflict within the enterprise worsened, putting at risk the work of the entire company. Appeals for harmonious cooperation fell on deaf ears. This situation led to a decision passed at the plenum in 2000 to make another partial change to the administration in L’viv.[86] This time, even before the general meeting of the SP in August 2000, L. Revoniuk relinquished his position and decided not to seek election in the following term. In his place, Lesia Duk-Hrabets’ was elected general director of the TzOV, with Dr. Ihor Homziak as vice-director.[87] K. Ishchyk remained the president of the BF, and Dr. Homziak was elected vice-president. Liudmyla Koliasa was retained as the bookkeeper of both organizations. At the personal request of Iu. Shtendera, V. Chornovus, and L. Revoniuk, and in the presence of a lawyer, the general meeting removed them as shareholders of the TzOV. In keeping with the agreement governing the redemption of shares, each of them received 1,357 hryvnias. These redeemed shares were transferred to the BF. Thus, the publishing company’s share of the Charter Fund of the TzOV remained at 30%, while the BF’s share increased to 70%.[88] In this way our enterprises in L’viv got rid of its private shareholders. During the general meeting Ievhen Shtendera, who had ceased carrying out the functions of editor in chief in keeping with a decision passed by the Plenum of the Publishing Committee, was dismissed from the Administration.[89]

Nevertheless, the situation still did not improve and the conflicts within the administration of both organizations continued. As a result, a general meeting of the TzOV was held on the plenum’s instructions with the goal of completely replacing the administration of both organizations, the TzOV and BF. After the accounts were settled and a relatively generous severance pay issued, Lesia Duk-Hrabets’ was relieved of her duties as executive director of the TzOV; Konstiantyn Ishchyk remained the president of the BF, and Liudmyla Koliasa resigned from her post as bookkeeper. Dr. Ihor Homziak was elected general director, with Volodymyr V’iatrovych as deputy director. Ivan Shul’ was elected vice-president of the BF, with Liuba Mykytii elected bookkeeper for both organizations.[90] In 2002 Dr. I. Homziak was re-elected general director, and Bohdan Stoliar was named deputy director.[91] These same individuals retained their posts as general director and deputy director in 2003 and 2004.[92] With the death of M. Ripeckyj, P. J. Potichnyj was elected head of the Board at the general meeting in 2004.

After these personnel changes, which were introduced in 2002, our enterprises in L’viv began to work much more efficiently. During this period a significant number of books were published, arrangements were made for their distribution, the first steps were taken to produce an electronic version of Litopys UPA, and the L’viv premises were completely renovated.

The Charitable Fund [Blahodiinyi Fond “Litopys UPA” (BF)]

From the outset the creation of the Volodymyr Makar Litopys UPA Charitable Fund (BF) caused certain problems.[93] In July 1997 P. J. Potichnyj received instructions and authorization from the Plenum to reorganize the SP Litopys UPA as the Litopys UPA Charitable Fund, which was supposed to become the main branch of the publishing company in L’viv. However, in the process of implementing these changes, it was decided that in view of various complications, legal advice originating in L’viv, and P. J. Potichnyj’s recommendations, the SP should continue to exist, but that a separate charitable fund should be also be created. One of the reasons for this was that according to Ukrainian legislation, a charitable fund can only be engaged in limited commercial activity and cannot replace a joint enterprise.[94]

The following were present at the founding meeting: L. Futala, P. J. Potichnyj, V. Chornovus, Iu. Shtendera, L. Koliasa, L. Revoniuk, and A. Zhurakhivs’ka. The following individuals were elected to the board: M. Kovalchyn; M. Kulyk (deputy head); P. J. Potichnyj; M. Ripeckyj (head of the board); L. Futala, Ie. Shtendera, A. Zhurakhivs’ka, L. Revoniuk, V. Chornovus, and Iu. Shtendera. The executive consisted of the following members: V. Chornovus (president); Iu. Shtendera and L. Revoniuk (vice-presidents).The following were elected to the Revision Commission: L. Koliasa, M. Koshyk, and O. Zyhar.[95]

The creation of the charitable fund did not change the guiding principles of the new administration. P. J. Potichnyj’s report of July 1997 had already discussed the need “to dismiss the current personnel and replace [it] with a new one.”[96] Thus, it comes as no surprise that in time it became necessary to replace the administration of this institution several times in order to raise the level of work. The first general meeting of the BF was held on 5 June 1998.[97] At this time it was decided that the quota of votes and representation of the Litopys UPA Corporation in the BF would amount to 95% of the votes of the total number of the fund’s members, and that the publishing company would have 60% of the votes.[98] The name of the fund was changed to the Volodymyr Makar Litopys UPA Charitable Fund.[99]

Changes to the administration of the BF were introduced in 1999. Konstiantyn Ishchyk was elected president, and Leonid Revoniuk as vice-president. At this time certain changes were also made to the Statute.[100] Volodymyr Chornovus was not elected to the Revision Commission that year and was only a rank-and-file member of the BF.[101]

In 2000 K. Ishchyk was again elected president of the BF, and Dr. I. Homziak was elected vice-president.[102] The former was re-elected in 2001, and Ivan Shul’ was elected vice-president.[103] Further changes to the administration took place in 2002. That year V. V’iatrovych was elected president and K. Ishchyk, vice-president.[104] Since then there have been no changes to the post of president, which is still held by V. V’iatrovych. In 2003 I. Shul’ was elected vice-president, and in 2004, Mykola Posivnych.[105] Liuba Mykytii continues to carry out bookkeeping duties.

The Purchase of Premises

Since its inception our publishing company did not have its own premises, and after the creation of the SP on 28 August 1992, it was located in Dr. Ia. Lial’ka’s apartment on vul. Maksyma Kryvonosa, 25/8.[106] On a suggestion from the main administrator, M. Kulyk, from the very outset the Publishing Committee focused on the question of obtaining suitable accommodations in L’viv. Through the efforts of Dr. Lial’ka and at his request, the L’viv Municipal Council of People’s Deputies issued Order no. 576 dated 16 June 1993, approving the rental to the SP of non-residential premises on the third floor of a building located at pl. Mitskevycha, 6/7.[107] As a result, in 1993 the SP moved to the premises on pl. Mitskevycha, 6/7.[108]

The SP’s right to rent premises was confirmed again in 1998.[109] That year, on direct instructions from the Plenum, P. J. Potichnyj had a conversation about purchasing the premises at pl. Mitskevycha, 6/7, with Oleh. S. Mandiuk, who at the time was in charge of municipal property in the city of L’viv. On his advice, Dr. Potichnyj asked V. Chornovus and Iu. Shtendera to begin gathering the required documentation.[110] The question of the possible purchase of office space was also discussed with the lawyer M. Meleshko. Unfortunately, no progress was made in this matter.

Later, an opportunity arose to purchase part of these premises from the State Property Fund of the city of L’viv. The issue dragged on for a very long time because the heads of our enterprises in L’viv did not apply themselves conscientiously to this matter. Finally, in January 1999, when the plan to purchase the premises had become a reality, V. Chornovus suggested that in addition to the Litopys UPA Publishing Company, Iu. Shtendera, L. Revoniuk, and he should also be partners in the new premises. This proposal was rejected. In February 2000, armed with a special directive confirmed by the General Consulate of Ukraine in Toronto, M. Kulyk authorized L. Revoniuk to take appropriate steps for purchasing the premises.[111] In August of that year the process of purchasing premises located at pl. Mitskevycha, 6/7, was completed.[112]

Scholarly Institutions

In 1991 our administration, out of a desire to ensure that the publication of Litopys UPA would be on a high scholarly level, decided to establish links with the M. S. Hrushevsky Institute of Ukrainian Archeography at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, as well as with the Main Archival Administration at the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. The goal of this effort was to embark on joint work with these two institutions to locate and publish new documents pertaining to the liberation movement, which are stored in the archives of Ukraine. The Plenum of 1993 confirmed the earlier agreements and put forward a proposal to publish Litopys UPA, New Series, based on documents from Ukraine.[113] Fortunately for the publishing company, Prof. Pavlo Sokhan’, his next in command, Dr. Hennadii Boriak, and Borys Ivanenko representing the Ukrainian government, readily agreed to cooperate. In August 1992, with the participation of four representatives of the publishing company, an agreement of cooperation was reached between the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Litopys UPA Publishing Company. In order to remove any obstacles that might impede research work in the archives, the administration of the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography established fruitful contacts with the Main Archival Administration at the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. On 10 September 1993 a meeting took place with representatives of the Main Archival Administration, the Litopys UPA Publishing Company, and the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography.[114] Later, in February 1994, a trilateral agreement on scholarly cooperation was signed in Kyiv.[115]

The parties to the agreement decided that the volumes to be prepared and published in Ukraine would be called Litopys UPA. Nova seriia [New Series]. Therefore, a joint editorial board was formed of two co-heads, one from the institute and the other representing the publishing company. It consisted of the two co-heads, Prof. Pavlo Sokhan’ and Ievhen Stendera, MA; Borys Ivanenko, Dr. Hennadii Boriak, Dr. Iaroslav Dashkevych, Dr. Volodymyr Lozyts’kyi, Dr. Ruslan Pyrih, Prof. Dr. Peter J. Potichnyj, Dr. Modest Ripeckyj, and Dr. Oleksandr Rubl’ov.[116]

In order to implement the agreement, the Department of Sources on the History of the National-Liberation Movement in Ukraine in the XXth Century was established as part of the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography, headed by Prof. Peter J. Potichnyj,[117] who also became a member of the institute’s Scholarly Council.[118] Also slated to take part in the department’s work were Ivan Bilas; Viktor Koval’; veterans of the insurgent movement Vasyl’ Kuk and Vasyl’ Halasa; and employees of the institute Oleksandr Vovk, Oleksandr Rubl’ov, and Iurii Cherchenko.[119] At approximately the same time a working editorial board was created with the following members: Oleksandr Vovk, Vasyl’ Kuk, Ruslan Pyrih, Iurii Cherchenko, and Larysa Iakovleva.[120] In order to develop a concept for the New Series, a working group was formed with the following members: Viktor Koval’, Iurii Cherchenko, Ivan Bilas, Vasyl’ Kuk, Anatolii Kentii, and Ruslan Pyrih.[121]

After leaving his post as director of the Central State Archive of Civic Organizations of Ukraine (TsDAHOU) to head the Main Archival Administration at the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, Dr. Ruslan Pyrih continued to cooperate with our publishing company, as did Dr. Volodymyr Lozyts’kyi, the deputy director of TsDAHOU. Thanks to Mssrs. Lozyts’kyi and Kentii, our publishing company was able to publish five volumes of Litopys UPA, which contain documents that shed light on the Soviet government’s brutal struggle against the Ukrainian liberation movement.[122] As the deputy director of the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography, Dr. Hennadii Boriak was involved in launching the New Series,[123] and in his current post as Chief Director of the State Committee of Archives of Ukraine he continues to assist our endeavours by providing access and utilization of archival materials that are stored in various archival institutions in our native land.[124]

The State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine (DA SBU) is an extremely rich source of documents and materials on our liberation movement. A discussion about selecting documents from this archive took place at a meeting with the director of the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography as early as 25 February 1993.[125] The question of accessing the Security Service archives was also broached by Prof. Potichnyj during a conversation with the Vice-Premier of Ukraine, Vasyl’ V. Durdynets’ on 23 July 1997, during the presentation of volumes of Litopys UPA in connection with efforts to obtain official recognition of the UPA as a WWII combatant.[126] As a result of these and other measures, including a meeting, on 30 June 1999, the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography sent a letter to the head of the Security Service of Ukraine, Leonid Derkach, with a proposal that the SBU take part in the preparation and publication of subsequent volumes of Litopys UPA.[127] In reply to this letter, deputy head of the SBU Volodymyr Prystaiko agreed to participate in this work and asked the Editorial Board to include in the group of compilers O. M. Pshennikov, the director of the State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine, and S. A. Kokin, the senior associate of this agency.[128] Prof. Potichnyj broached the issue of establishing cooperation with the Security Service archive in 1999, during a meeting at the Institute of Ukrainian Archeography, which was attended by S. Kokin.[129] Beginning with volume 3 of the New Series, the directors of the SBU archive were represented on the Editorial Board of this series in the persons of O. M. Pshennikov, and after his retirement, S. Bohunov. The current deputy director of this archive, S. Kokin, also took an active part in the preparation of several volumes. In 2004 efforts were undertaken to launch closer cooperation in the preparation of Litopys UPA volumes based on materials stored in the SBU archive.[130]

Although not all the plans were realized, most stood the test of time, and to date seven volumes have been published in the New Series.

* * *

The volumes of Litopys UPA could not have appeared without the constant, wholehearted help of our sponsors, the community at large, and our subscribers and readers. These individuals, as well as various associates, are mentioned in different chapters in this volume. All the associates of our collective owe them a debt of thanks. The minutes of the plenary sessions reflect the work that the entire collective devoted to building up the publishing house, while the addendum to the introductory article reveals the initial steps that were taken to publish the body of work known as Litopys UPA.

The work of the editors, administrators, and all other associates (except our associates based in Ukraine) is not paid. All of them have laboured and continue to work for the publishing company on a voluntary basis. Only technical jobs, and printing and postal services are funded. Without the dedicated, selfless work of this group of former UPA fighters and their children, our books would not have appeared, and the world would never have been informed about the heroic struggle of our people in the twentieth century.

This volume is dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Modest Ripeckyj, who devoted the better part of his industrious life to Litopys UPA. He began writing the introductory article to this volume, but died before completing this task. The work of preparing this article, as well as other sections of this volume, passed into other hands. Many individuals helped bring this project to fruition. Foremost among them are the late Ivan Lyko, and Mykola Kulyk, to whom we owe a debt of gratitude. Ivan Lyko was almost single-handedly responsible for technical printing matters, while Mr. Kulyk was responsible for all documents and materials.

Petro J. Potichnyj

[1] Peremyshchyna: Peremys’kyi Kurin’ UPA.Knyha persh. Dennyky viddilu “Burlaky” (Volodymyra Shchyhelskohi), Udarnyky 4, 94a, pera bunchuzhnoho “Burkuna” z epilohom Bohdana Huka i dokumenty viddilu. Litopys UPA, vol. 13 (Toronto, 1986).
[2] Peremyshchyna: Peremys’kyi Kurin’ UPA. Knyha druha. Dennyky sotni “Krylacha” (Iaroslava Kotsiolka), Udarnyky 6, 96a, pera khor. Iaroslava Kotsolka, khor.Volodymyar Shchyhelskohi, I bunchuzhnohor “Oresat,” I dokumenty sotni. Litopys UPA, vol. 14 (Toronto, 1987).
[3] M. Hromenko, U velykomu reidi (Munich, 1956); Ivan Iovyk (“Sokolenko”), Neskorena armiia: Iz shchodennyka khorunzhoho UPA (Kyiv, 1995).
[4] A series of articles by this author was published in the journal Do Zbroi in Munich, West Germany.
[5] Certain parts of the memoirs written by Modest Ripeckyj’ (“Horyslav”), in particular “Istoriia kurinia ‘Rena’,” were published in Taktychnyi Vidtynok UPA 26-yi “Lemko”: Lemkivshchyna I Peremyshchyna. Dokumenty i materiialy. Litopys UPA, vol. 33 (Toronto-L’viv, 2001).
[6] The reports of S. Golash (“Mar”) appear in Lemkivshchyna i Peremyshchyna—“Kholodnyi Iar,” “Beskyd,” “Verkhovyna”: Politychni zvity. Litopys UPA, vol. 34 (Toronto-L’viv, 2001), and in other publications.
[7] The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Ukraine, University of Toronto, box no. 102.
[8] These materials are located in The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Ukraine at the University of Toronto.
[9] These materials are also located in The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Ukraine at the University of Toronto.
[10] These materials are part of The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter- Insurgency in Ukraine at the University of Toronto.
[11] Information about the transfer of the archives from Toronto to New York City was provided by Volodymyr Okipniuk, administrator of the Homin Ukrainy Publishing Company, during a conversation with Peter J. Potichnyj.
[12] Information about the SB archives was provided by the late Dr. Modest Ripeckyj.
[13] Part of these archives was brought to the US by M. Ripeckyj, who was one of the responsible heads of the KZ Section. The few documents that concern the activity of Leon Lapinskyi (“Zenon”) are stored at the University of Toronto. The fate of the KZ archive in the possession of the late Bohdan Pidhainyi is unknown.
[14] The archive was stored in a fireproof safe in the organization’s office at Zeppelinstrasse, 67, Munich, Germany. The fate of these valuable materials and documents is unknown.
[15] The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Ukraine at the University of Toronto, in the Microtexts Collection of Robarts Library. The paper section of the archive is stored in the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library at the University of Toronto.
[16] Ibid.
[17] Ibid.
[18] Ibid. This collection of documents was obtained through the efforts of Rev. Dr. B. Prakh, who was at one time a parish priest in the city of Iaroslav. Today he is the rector of the Theological Seminary of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church in L’viv.
[19] Ibid.
[20] Copies of all the documents from Ukraine that were published in the Litopys UPA series are also stored in the archive at the University of Toronto.
[21] Minutes of the 10th Congress of the OKV UPA, 2 September 1973; The Peter J. Potichnyj Collection, box no. 98.

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