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Name: The OUN(B) network and the UPA rear line services on the territory of the Military Districts (VO) "Zahrava", "Turiv", "Bohun" (August 1942 - December 1943)
Volume: 11
Editorial board: Ya. Dashkevych
V. Lozytsky
S. Bohunov
R. Pyrih
P.J. Potichnyj
P. Sokhan'
L. Futala
Iu. Shapoval
H. Boryak
Sponsors: Zenon-Mykhailo Potichnyj and Family
Publication Year: 2007
ISBN (Canada): 978-1-897431-01-6
ISBN (Ukraine): 978-966-2105-02-5
Pages Count: 848

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Description

INTRODUCTION

The current volume of Litopys UPA (Chronicle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army, New Series) contains 353 documents of the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services, which until now have never been introduced into scholarly circulation. Thus, they fill the lacunae of the corpus of sources that have already been published on this topic. [1] The chronological boundaries of these documents are the second half of 1942 and December 1943. The documents relate to various parts of Volyn’ and southern Polissia, where the OUN krai, the Northwestern Ukrainian lands (PZUZ), existed during the period in question. A number of documents on this topic have already been published.

Volume 2 of the New Series of Litopys UPA is mostly comprised of published documents of the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services from Volyn’ and Polissia from 1943. It contains 82 documents from the «Zahrava,» «Bohun» («Rivne»), and «Turiv» okruhas of the UPA rear line services. Most of the sources in this collection originate in VO (Military District) «Zahrava» (51) and VO «Bohun» (23), while a mere eight documents come from VO «Turiv.» It should be noted that the documents in vol. 2 are primarily orders; there is less report-style documentation, and there are no reports whatsoever from VO «Turiv.» The documents in this collection are stored in fonds 3837 (list 1) and 3838 (list 1) of the Central State Archive of the Higher Organs of State Authority of Ukraine (TsDAVO Ukrainy), fond 57 (list 4) of the Central State Archive of Civic Organizations of Ukraine (TsDAHO Ukrainy), and fond R-30 (list 2) of the State Archive of Rivne Oblast (DARO).

The following documents dated 1943 relate to VO «Zahrava»: orders issued by «Iurko,» commandant of the VO, on 11 and 16 September; orders numbered by him as 1-9, 12-14, 17, and 20 for 30 September (two documents); 2, 3, 4, 11, 12, 17, 19, and 31 October; 23 and 25 December; a monthly report by «Iurko» (dated 18 September); and a report by an unknown author for 25 December. The collection contains documents from various sections (referenturas) on the okruha level: the land section (deed form of a land grant dated 1943), Security Service (SB) (a report by «Tretii,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 3 November 1943), political (sample of a monthly report and three orders issued by «Askol’d,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 28 November; three reports by this same author for 14 and 27 October, and 28 November; organizational-mobilizational (order issued by «Taras,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 3 November; supplies and materiel (orders nos. 12 and 13 issued by «Zubatyi,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 20 September; two instructions by the same author, dated 1943; four forms dated 1943; «Zubatyi’s» orders nos. 27 and 32, issued in October; materials standardizing the activity of the okruha’s supplies and materiel section for 31 August-23 October); technical (an order and a rule book of «O. Lebed,’» the okruha chief, dated 25 November); and the Ukrainian Red Cross (an administrative order issued by «Motria,» (female) responsible okruha leader, dated 25 September). [2]

Volume 2 also contains a number of sources from VO «Bohun» («Rivne») for 1943: documents issued by the commandant and responsible leaders of the okruha level. The first group of documents consists of an instruction from «Ptashka,» commandant of the okruha, dated 9 September; orders issued by this same author, nos. 3, 4, 8, 9, and 10 dated 8 September, 15 October, and 13 and 30 November (two documents); and two reports by «Ptashka» (9 November and 4 December). The second group consists of documents of the VO’s administrative division (instruction issued by the head, «Chornyi,» for 12 October; SB section (orders nos. 1 and 2 issued by «Smok,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 10 September); orders nos. 1 and 4 issued by «Kornii,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 15 October and 18 November; a letter by «Kornii» dated 9 October; the sociopolitical section (reports by «Mykola,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 31 October and 30 November); supplies and materiel section (two instructions issued by «Shved,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 24 November; organizational-mobilizational section (order no. 1 issued by «Tyrsa,» the responsible okruha leader, dated 24 November; his reports of 22 November, and 11 and 28 December); school division (order issued by «Budiak,» the okruha super-inspector, dated 27 September).[3]

Also published in vol. 2 are documents from VO «Turiv»: orders nos. 2-6 issued by «Iaroslav Karmeliuk,» the commandant of the «Sich» and the okruha (dated 10, 12, 20, and 29 September, and 15 October); two instructions by this author and «Andrii Verbenko,» the responsible sociopolitical leader, for October; and order no. 7 issued on 16 November by «Kornii Berezenko,» the commandant and responsible sociopolitical leader of the VO. [4]

The compilers of the book Volyn’ and the Kholm Region 1938-1947: The Polish-Ukrainian Conflict and Its Reverberations included an addendum of documents originating from the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services. These are sources from the krai leadership of the PZUZ (a survey of sociopolitical events in the PZUZ, late May); responsible sociopolitical leaders and SB staff members on the VO «Turiv» levels and, to a smaller degree, VO «Zahrava»; certain nadraions and raions in the above-mentioned okruhas («news from Volyn» for May; a survey of sociopolitical events in Luts’k for late May; a survey of the sociopolitical sphere in districts of Luts’k for April-May; a survey of sociopolitical events in the Kostopil’, Sarny, and Stolyn areas for April-May; a report on the sociopolitical work in Volodymyr-Volyns’kyi/Horokhiv okruha for July; a political survey of the territory of Zdolbuniv nadraion for 9-15 August; a sociopolitical survey of Luts’k okruha for August; «news from Korets’ and Zv’iahel’» for September; «news from the Kostopil’ area» for late October; information no. 30 from «Iskra» raion for 21 October; «news from the Sarny area» for October; «in connection with news from Volyn’, dated 16 December ; information from Ozdiutychi, Volodymyr-Volyns’kyi, Ustyluh, Berestechko, and Horokhiv raions for December; and a report for December by «Khvyl’ovyi,» the responsible political leader of Kostopil’ nadraion «Dolyna» for December. [5] These documents are stored in TsDAHO (fond 57, list 4, files 354 and 355), the State Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine (DA SBU) (fond 13, file 376, vols. 71 and 75); DARO (fond R-30, list 2, file 34), and the fonds of the Archive of the I. Kryp’iakevych Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

An interesting situation developed around the orders issued by the responsible sociopolitical leader of Sarny nadraion «Lisova pisnia» in VO «Zahrava.» While working in the German archives, researcher Volodymyr Kosyk discovered order no. 10, which deals with the activity of the raion administrations of «Lisova pisnia» (dated 3 December 1943; the author’s signature is illegible). [6] The present volume includes previous orders nos. 4-A, 5-A, 6, and 7-A issued by the responsible sociopolitical leader of Sarny nadraion, which were discovered in fond R-30 of DARO. [7]

The researcher Volodymyr Serhiichuk has also published sources on the history of the Ukrainian national liberation struggle. His compilation of documents entitled The OUN-UPA during the War Years, which was published in 1996, contains materials that relate to the subject of our volume: a report written by «Step,» a staff member of one of the okruha leaderships in the PZUZ, about events in July 1943, and information prepared by «Khvylia» from the Berestia (Brest) and Kobryn’ areas, covering the period from September to December 1943. [8]

Included in another archaeographic collection compiled by Serhiichuk are sources from VO «Bohun» and VO «Zahrava» for 1943. These are report no. 6, dated 15 October, about events that took place on the territory of VO «Bohun»; no. 8, a survey of events in VO «Bohun,» dated 16 November; sociopolitical surveys of the southern part of Rivne oblast for October and November; order no. 1 issued by «Tyrsa,» the responsible leader for organization and mobilization in VO «Bohun,» dated 24 November; field information from Korets’ nadraion, dated 1 and 11 October; a report dated 9 December about events in Zdolbuniv nadraion; lists of villagers killed by various hostile forces in Zdovbytsia, Taikury, Hlyns’k, and Iosypivka; an order issued on 25 August by «Voron,» the commandant of «Dolyna» nadraion; and an SB announcement about the sentencing of Bishop Manuil, dated 25 September. [9] These documents are stored in the State Archive of Volyn’ Oblast (DAVO: fond R-1021, list 1, file 5) and DARO (fond R-30, list 2, files 15, 16, 32, 39, and 65).

In the addendum to their monograph about the written documentation of the Ukrainian special services, entitled The Insurgent Intelligence Service Is Functioning Accurately and Boldly…», the Ukrainian researchers Dmytro Viedienieiev and Hennadii Bystrukhin included a number of SB documents from VO «Bohun» («Rivne») and its Korets’ nadraion «Kolino,» covering 1943. These are: order no. 1 dated 10 September 1943 and issued by «Smok,» the SB responsible leader (DA SBU, fond 13, file 376, vol. 49, fols. 265-66) [10] and a Russian-language copy of a report from the police-executive division of the SB in the nadraion, covering the period 20-30 November 1943 (DA SBU, fond 13, file 376, vol. 49, fols. 197-98). [11]

In their collection of documents entitled Materials and Documents of the Security Service of the OUN(B) in the 1940s, the researchers Ivan Patryliak and Oleksandr Lysenko also published several documents of the SB OUN(B), which date to various periods of 1943. These include information prepared by the SB leader in the «More» territory (Zdolbuniv area), dated 24 December 1943, and instructions of this insurgent special unit. [12]

In 1994 documents of the OUN(B) and the UPA were published in the Ukrainian Historical Journal. Issue no. 5 features information prepared by «Zyma,» the head of the intelligence and information department of the SB in Korets’ nadraion «Kolino» of VO «Bohun,» dated 31 October and 14 November. [13]

The first part of vol. 4 of the series Poland and Ukraine in the 30s-40s of the 20th Century, a monumental compilation of documents on the history of Polish-Ukrainian relations, includes a document from the UPA rear line services in Volyn’: this announcement about the Poles in the Liuboml’ area was prepared on 24 November 1943 by «Dons’kyi,» the commandant of Liuboml’ raion in VO «Turiv.» [14]

* * *

The present volume also contains various types of written documents of the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services, e.g.: orders, instructions, forms, samples, administrative reports, reports, information, news, field news, surveys of events, journals, messages, incidents, registers, lists, plans, communiqués, announcements, reporting (e.g., for duty), invitations, requests, receipts, vouchers, indictments, verdicts, minutes, certificates, certifications, appointments, general comments, cover letters, and business letters. In order to simplify the work with the above-listed varieties of documents, it is desirable to classify them into prescriptive, reporting, and internal branch documents. [15] However, the classification system developed by the Ukrainian historian Viktor Horobets’ is more functionally convenient. In his work on Ukrainian historical acts of the Hetman period, he divided them into two groups: official-office documents and private ones. In the first group Horobets’ included governmental-administrative, procedural-juridical, and office documents, and divided private documents into memoranda, letters, and notebooks.

According to the Horobets’ classification system, governmental-administrative documentation is subdivided into directive-prescriptive, executive, attestive, statutory, accounting-statistical, and informational-publishing types of documents.

Procedural-juridical documentation is subdivided into investigative, notification, procedural-sentencing, appellative, and notarial documents. Office documentation is subdivided into personal-business, informational-inventory, and registration documents. [16]

Therefore, the documents of the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services, published in this volume, may be classified according to the Horobets’ system as:

directive-prescriptive documentation: orders, instructions, forms, samples, administrative orders, and business letters;

executive documentation: reports, information, field news, surveys of events, journals, messages, incidents, and general comments;

attestive documentation: vouchers, certificates, and certifications;

accounting-statistical documentation: news, registers, lists, plans, requests, and receipts;

investigative documentation: minutes;

notification documentation: communiques, announcements, reporting (for duty, etc.), invitations, and appointments;

procedural-sentencing documentation: indictments; verdicts; and

personal-office documentation: cover letters.

For the numbers and types of documents from every listed group included in the present volume, see Table 1 below.

Table 1

Aspect Classification of Documents

DocumentsNumberPercentage
Directive-prescriptive 126 35,7%
Executive 180 51%
Attestive 3 0,85%
Accounting-statistical 23 6,5%
Investigative 2 0,6%
Notification 14 4%
Procedural-sentencing 4 1,1%
Personal-office 1 0,3%

Thus, for the most part the sources published in this volume consist of executive documentation: documents of the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services in the PZUZ, the majority of which have a powerful informational potential. The second largest number of documents consists of directive-prescriptive materials that contain a clearly defined section of orders, which makes them extraordinarily important for research purposes. The volume includes only a small number of investigative and procedural-sentencing documents. There are several reasons for this: first, these documents often contain biased news; second, these sources are not stored in state archives but in the central and regional archives of the Security Service of Ukraine.

The documents included in this collection were located in the fonds of various Ukrainian archives: the Central State Archive of Higher Organs of State Authority of Ukraine (TsDAVO Ukrainy: fond 3833, list 1, files 118, 120, 125, 127, 128, 130, 139, 234, and 279; fond 3837, list 1, files 2, 8, and 9; fond 3838, list 1, files 40, 43, 51, 53, 58, 59, and 96; fond 3967, list 1, files 1, 5, 10, and 12); the Central State Archive of Civic Organizations of Ukraine (TsDAHO Ukrainy: fond 57, list 4, files 353, 357, 361, 363, and 366); the State Archive of Volyn’ Oblast (DAVO: fond R-1021, list 1, files 1 and 6); and the State Archive of Rivne Oblast (DARO: fond R-30, list 1, files 21 and 22; list 2, files 15, 16, 22, 24, 29, 32, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 43, 60, 63, 64, 108-a, and 109). The breakdown of the number of sources from each of the above-named archives is as follows: 148 items from TsDAVO; 37 items from TsDAHO, 2 items from DAVO; and 166 items from DARO.

Data on the territorial derivation of the documents published in this volume are given in Table 2 below.

Table 2

Territorial Derivation of Documents

Territory (raion)No. of documentsTerritory (raion)No. of documents
Volyn’ oblast
Volodymyr_Volyns’kyi raion 8 Horokhiv raion
Ivanychi raion Kamin’_Kashyrs’kyi raion 4
Kivertsi raion Kovel’ raion 13
Lokachi raion Luts’k raion 3
Liubeshiv raion 3 Liuboml’ raion 6
Manevychi raion Ratne raion 2
Rozhyshche raion Stara Vyzhivka raion 5
Turiis’k raion 3
Rivne oblast
Berezne raion 13 Volodymyrets’ raion 2
Hoshcha raion 2 Dubno raion 10
Dubrovytsia raion 12 Zarichne raion
Zdolbuniv raion 8 Korets’ raion 11
Kostopil’ raion 89 Mlyniv raion
Ostroh raion 6 Rivne raion 54
Rokytne raion Sarny raion 11
Radyvyliv raion 1
Ternopil’ oblast
Shums’k raion 1
Khmel’nyts’kyi oblast
Slavuta raion 2
Territory of Belarus
Berestia (Brest) raion Vysoke (Visoko) raion
Dyvyn raion
Pins’k raion 2
Stolyn (Stolin) raion 20
Derivation undetermined 62
Total 353

According to the data in Table 2, a significant number of sources are from the Kostopil’, Rivne, and Stolyn areas. In my opinion, this was determined not so much by the specific features of the territorial distribution of OUN members in 1942-1943 as by the particular features of the documentation published in this volume. At the same time, the fact that a considerable number of documents originate from the Kostopil’ area may be explained by the circumstance that in late 1943 the Supreme Command of the UPA was located there, and had been for a significant period of time.

Table 3 below illustrates the organizational centers of the OUN(B) from which these documents originate.

Table 3

Organizational Derivation of Documents

Organizational centerNo. of documentsOrganizational centerNo. of documents
Krai leadership of the OUN(B) in the PZUZ 4 Leaderships of nadraions in VO «Zahrava» 70
Leaderships of okruhas, raions, and kushches in today’s Volyn’ oblast (prior to the creation of VO «Turiv» 15 Leaderships of raions in VO «Zahrava» 54
Leaderships of okruhas, raions, and kushches in the northern and central parts of Rivne oblast (prior to the creation of VO «Zahrava» 21 Leaderships of kushches (subraions) in VO «Zahrava» 13
Leaderships of okruhas, raions, and kushches in the southern part of Rivne oblast (prior to the creation of VO «Bohun» 8 Leadership of VO «Bohun» 8
Leadership of VO «Turiv» 2 Leaderships of nadraions in VO «Bohun» 59
Leaderships of nadraions in VO «Turiv» 16 Leaderships of raions in VO «Bohun» 31
Leaderships of raions in VO «Turiv» 19 Leaderships of kushches (subraions) in VO «Bohun» 2
Leaderships of kushches (subraions) in VO «Turiv» 1 Exact organizational derivation not established 20
Leadership of VO «Zahrava» 10 Total 353

The data in this table indicates that these documents emanate from a low organizational level. Assigning priority to documents from «below» is determined first of all by the fact that quite often the informational potential of such sources is more significant than information contained in documents issuing from «above.» Second, the majority of the documents that have been discovered in the Ukrainian archives of the higher organizational levels of the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services have already been published in monumental collections of sources, particularly in vol. 2 of the New Series of Litopys UPA. Third, as a rule, the compilers of archaeographic collections ignore documents that are in poor condition (printer’s ink peeling, text fading, damaged portions of text).

Table 4

Chronological Representation of the Documents

YearMonthNo. of documents
1942 August 1
September 1
October 1
November 2
December 3
Total for 1942 8
1943 January 3
February 3
March 1
April -
May 1
June 2
July 9
August 22
September 49
October 100
November 58
December 74
Unknown period, 1943 31
Total for 1943 331
Total no. of documents 353

Indeed, the preparation of such sources for publication requires additional efforts, and mere photocopying is insufficient.

In the chronological sense, the largest groups of documents were issued in October (100 items), November (58 items), and December (74 items) 1943.

The informational potential of these sources allow researchers to rectify data contained in earlier-published tables illustrating the evolution of the OUN(B) network and the UPA rear line services in 1943. [17]

Thus, the present volume contains previously unpublished OUN(B) documents from the following okruhas: Stolyn, covering the period from August 1942 to January 1943; Luts’k and Kovel’, covering July, August, and September 1943; Volodymyr-Volyns’kyi/Horokhiv, covering July and August 1943; Sarny, July 1943; Kamin’-Kashyrs’kyi, Pins’k, Korets’, and Rivne, August 1943.

Among OUN(B) sources that originate from raions are documents from Kostopil’ raion covering February, March, May, June, and August 1943; Berezne raion, May 1943; Sedlyshche and Liubeshiv raions, July 1943; and Rivne, Tuchyn, and Katerburh raions, August 1943.

Also included in the volume are OUN(B) documents from subraion no. 5 and territory no. 1 «Basein» of Kostopil’ raion, dated June and July 1943, respectively.

Since territorial structures of the Ukrainian underground began to evolve in the UPA rear line services in early autumn, the nucleus of this archaeographic collection of sources consists of previously unpublished documents dated August-December 1943, which originate from the «Turiv,» «Zahrava,» and «Bohun» okruhas of the UPA rear line services as well as from nadraions, raions, kushches, and stanytsias (villages or groups of villages) from each of these okruhas. The authors of these written sources are commandants, staff members of sociopolitical, organizational-mobilizational, supplies and materiel, liaison, and SB sections, units of the Ukrainian Red Cross, and women’s and youth sections.

The volume also contains documents from VO «Turiv» for December 1943, VO «Zahrava» for September-December 1943, and VO «Bohun» for October and December 1943.

A number of sources originate from nadraions (or terens, as they were often called) in VO «Turiv»—Volodymyr-Volyns’kyi/Horokhiv (September 1943); Kovel’ (September-December 1943); Holovne raion «Dochan» (December 1943); Shats’k raion «Rynok» (December 1943); Zabolottia raion «Karlyk» (December 1943); Matiiv raion «Kort» (December 1943); Liuboml’ raion (December 1943); Berestia raion (December 1943); and Ratne raion (December 1943).

There are also documents from several nadraions in VO «Zahrava»: Kostopil’ (August-December 1943); Sarny (September-November 1943); and Stolyn (September-December 1943).

Also included in the volume are documents from nadraions in VO «Bohun»: Rivne (September-December 1943); Dubno (September, November, and December 1943); Zdolbuniv (September, November, and December 1943); Korets’ (August, September, October, and December 1943); Pins’k (October 1943); and nadraions «Konotop» (December 1943).

A number of documents originate from raions located within the boundaries of VO «Turiv»: Kivertsi (October 1943); Sedlyshche raion «Desna» (October and December 1943); Kovel’ (November 1943); and Kamin’-Kashyrs’kyi (November 1943).

Other documents represent the following raions in VO «Zahrava»: Kostopil’ raion «Iskra» (September-December 1943); Berezne raion «Berih» (October-November 1943); Derazhne raion «Lisnyi» (September, October, and December 1943); Horodne raion «Kerch» (September and November 1943); Liudvypil’ raion «Skelia» (November-December 1943); Stydyn raion «Kamin’» (December 1943); Rokytne raion «Dunai» (September 1943); Volodymyrets’ raion «Hai» (November 1943); Dubrovytsia raion «Uman’» (October 1943); «Huliai-Horod» raion (October-November 1943); and Stolyn raion (October-December 1943).

Documents from VO «Bohun» originate from the following raions: Rivne (October-November 1943); Zdolbuniv (November 1943); Oleksandriia (October-December 1943); Klevan’ (October-November 1943); Tuchyn (September and November 1943); Hoshcha (October 1943); Korets’ (October 1943); Mezhyrich (October-November 1943); Ostroh (November-December 1943); Slavuta (December 1943); and Radyvyliv raion «Nora» (September 1943).

The volume also contains documents from kushches in VO «Turiv,» «Zahrava,» and «Bohun.» VO «Turiv» is the point of origin of sources from «Kherson» kushch in Kamin-Kashyrs’kyi raion (September 1943).

Some documents originate from kushches and subraions in VO «Zahrava,» specifically kushch no. 1 «Basein» (September, October, and December 1943); kushch no. 3 «Iar» (September-November 1943); kushch no. 5 (September 1943); kushch no. 6 (September 1943); «Dibrova» territory (November 1943); Kostopil’ raion «Iskra» (September 1943); «Boloto» kushch of Berezhnytsia raion (November 1943); subraion no. 6 «Kamin’» of Liudvypil’ raion «Skelia» (September 1943).

With respect to sources that represent subraions of VO «Bohun,» one document from subraion no. 3 of Ostroh raion (December 1943) is included in the present volume.

* * *

The documents published in this latest volume of the New Series of Litopys UPA have titles that were assigned to them by the compiler. Each title reflects the type of document, including office number, date, and place of origin. If the date of issue of a document has not been determined, it is dated according to its contents, analogous documents, etc. In this case, a conditional date is given within square brackets, e.g. [September 1943]. In addition, the precise day(s) of a month on which a document appeared has been specified wherever possible, e.g., [the first ten days of September 1943]. If the title of a document lists only the cryptonym of the territory from which it derives, an association is made to the locality to which it corresponds, e.g., [Kostopil’] nadraion «Dolyna.» Similarly, when a document only indicates the location of its point of origin, an appropriate cryptonym is added: Kostopil’ nadraion [Dolyna].

The documents have been reprinted in full. However, the complete texts of a number of sources have not survived. Therefore, if a document has no beginning or conclusion, this is automatically indicated in the legend of the source. Missing or illegible parts of texts are indicated thus: «[…]». In cases where the meaning of a text permits a determination of a section that is illegible as a result of mechanical damage, the deciphered part also appears within square brackets.

The lexicon and authorial and editorial attributes of the sources have been preserved to the greatest possible degree. The authors of documents from the OUN(B) and the UPA rear line services had a tendency to capitalize the names of organizational positions and centers (Commandant of the Nadraion, Responsible Leader of the Military District, etc.), as well as the names of nationalities (Hungarians, Germans, etc.) [Adjectives derived from country names are never capitalized in Ukrainian—trans.]. In such cases, capital letters have been replaced by small letters. If the pseudonyms of individuals mentioned in the documents have been successfully decoded and there is biographical information about them, the first mention of such data is indicated in footnotes. Where geographical names (toponyms) are concerned, in every case the author’s version is given first without changes, followed by the contemporary name within square brackets, e.g.: Bil’chaki [Bil’chaky], Rovno [Rivne], Zurno [Zirne], M. Stydyn’ [Malyi Stydyn]. Obsolete words, dialect words, Russianisms, and Polonisms as well as words that are not germane to the contemporary Ukrainian literary language have not been corrected but are listed in an addendum. Examples of these are: «mater’ial,» «kontyhent,» «pidhotovliaty,» «futir,» «richi,» «propahandyvnyi,» evakuovanyi,» etc.

Words derived from the lexicon of a local vernacular («tsei,» «svomu,» «bo,» «no,» etc.) remain unchanged. No changes have been made to the archaic connective «a,» meaning and («i»). Expressions that are typical of insurgent documentation («ioho vzhe zustrila ruka spravedlyvosti,» «potrapyv na lono Avraama»), etc., are retained without commentaries.

Punctuation and the use of quotation marks have been corrected in keeping with contemporary norms. If the meaning of a certain paragraph or sentence is difficult to ascertain in a document, in each case this is explained in a footnote. When the correction of punctuation marks in a certain sentence of a document may create a double meaning, this is not done. For example, a document in this volume contains the following statement: «While the UPA was in Pishcha and in Pul’ma they destroyed priests and their families.» If a comma is placed after «Pul’ma,» the sentence implies that priests were «destroyed» without the UPA’s involvement.

Cryptonyms of links in the organizational network and pseudonyms of OUN(B) and UPA members, which are written both with and without quotation marks, have been standardized and are listed without them. In the case of certain names of inhabited areas, which have the wrong case ending (inflection), no corrections have been made so as to minimize editorial interference. In cases where the same sentence in a document contains both a number and a number plus a letter, no standardization has been done.

Corrections of spelling mistakes are given within square brackets (e.g., «dyvytsia» is changed to «dyvy[t’s]ia»). The use of the apostrophe in the Ukrainian language has been corrected, as it is either missing in various parts of the majority of the documents included in this volume (primarily because the typewriters used by the insurgents lacked this character) or completely unnecessary, as in the word «mater’ial). Although the apostrophe is practically not used, occasionally it is marked by a quotation mark («). The staff members of the OUN(B) and UPA rear line services did not have enough typewriters with a Ukrainian keyboard. Since office work was done exclusively in Ukrainian, typists were forced to seek substitutions on their keyboards to represent the «i» letter, the iotized vowels «W,» «T,» and «9,» and the apostrophe. Therefore, in insurgent documents we often see that the letters «i» and «W» are represented by the number 1 and the Roman numeral I, and in one case, even by the vertical part of the letter «8» or the mark «l.» The letter «T» was represented by the Russian letter «M» («e»). The dipthong «9» was most often replaced by the letter «8.» All such «auxiliary» letters and punctuation marks that figure in the documents of this volume have been silently corrected.

All marginalia that appear in documents (resolutions, addresses, notes about receipt or dispatch, etc.) are placed above their legends. Marginalia are placed between the text and the legend of each source. The texts of accompanying notes to documents appear in footnotes. If a source is a draft copy, indicated by an author’s crossouts, insertions, and comments, this is indicated in footnotes. Abbreviations of words germane to the texts have been left unchanged («for example/napryklad—npr., «i tak dali/and so forth»—i t. d., «village/selo»—s.). All abbreviations are listed in an addendum.

Every document is accompanied by a legend that notes the place of storage (abbreviated name of the archive, number of the fond, list, file, volume, folios) and its authenticity (original, copy, certified copy, draft). Also noted is the manner in which a document was created: handwritten or printed (typed). If a source was printed on a typewriter, wherever possible the typeface of the machine has been established. Information about the discovery of same (identical) and similar (other copies) texts of documents (in other archives, fonds, etc.) is also listed in the legend. In every case the legend notes the type of paper that was used to create a document, as well as specific details about how the document was written: with a pencil, chemical pencil, etc. Translations and the language of translated documents are also indicated.

The compiler is sorry for the absence of transparent numeration of the footnotes. Most of the footnotes are numbered regularly but a small number, for objective reasons, are marked by the asterisks. Quite often a footnote marked by the asterisk is not always located on the same page as the text of the document to which it pertains and can be found either on previous or later pages of the book. Also in chapters 4,5,and 7 the placement of documents is not always in proper order i.e. from higher to lower organizational structure.

The modified Library of Congress transliteration system is used in the English-language texts in this volume.

Volodymyr Koval’chuk carried out the search, selection, and scholarly archaeographic preparation of the documents.

The compilers of the volume owe a debt of gratitude to the following individuals for their gracious assistance: historian Ihor Marchuk (city of Rivne) for his helpful consultations on the territorial origins of certain documents, identification of a number of insurgent pseudonyms, and verification of copies of some sources; Mykhailo Koval’chuk (Kyiv), scholarly associate of the Department of Sources on the Modern History of Ukraine at the M. S. Hrushevsky Institute of Ukrainian Archaeography and Archival Studies at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, for his assistance in creating the footnotes; Iuliia Horbach (Kyiv), scholarly associate of the Department of Sources on the Modern History of Ukraine at the M. S. Hrushevsky Institute of Ukrainian Archaeography and Archival Studies at the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, for her translations of German terms; my sister Svitlana Koval’chuk (Shepetivka), a student at the National University of Water Economics, and Ol’ha Zadvorna (Rivne), laboratory assistant at the Chair of World History and Methods for Teaching Social Disciplines at Academician S. Dem’ianchuk International University of Economics and Humanities for doing the computer typesetting of many documents.

Volodymyr Koval’chuk



[1] The documents in this volume logically supplement the work Volyn’, Polissia, Podillia: UPA ta zapillia. 1943-1944. Dokumenty i materialy, ed. P. Sokhan’, P. Potichnyj, et al; comp. O. Vovk and I. Pavlenko, vol. 2 of Litopys UPA, New Series (Kyiv-Toronto: Litopys UPA, 1999), 724 pp. For a survey of documents dated 1943, included in this and other archaeographic collections, see further in the Introduction.
[2] Ibid., pp. 184-315.
[3] Ibid., pp. 410-72.
[4] Ibid., pp. 615-34.
[5] Volyn’ i Kholmshchyna 1938-1947 rr.: pol’s’ko-ukrains’ke protystoiannia ta ioho vidlunnia. Doslidzhennia, dokumenty, spohady, ed. Ia. Isaievych, vol. 10 of Ukraina: kul’turna spadshchyna, natsional’na svidomist’, derzhavnist’ (L’viv: Instytut ukrainoznavstva im. I. Kryp’iakevycha NAN Ukrainy, 2003 ), pp. 402-29, 431-58, 473-92.
[6] Volodymyr Kosyk, Zbirnyk nimets’kykh arkhivnykh materialiv. (1942-1943), vol. 3 of Ukraina v Druhii svitovii viini u dokumentakh (L’viv: Instytut im. I. Kryp’iakevycha NAN Ukrainy; L’vivs’kyi derzhavnyi universytet im. I. Franka; Instytut ukrains’koi arkheohrafii ta dzhereloznavstva im. M. Hrushevs’koho NAN Ukrainy, 1999), pp. 342-43.
[7] Nakaz No. 4-A [suspil’no-politychnoho referenta] Sarnens’koho nadraionu [«Lisova pisnia»] «Pavla» pro poriadok oformlennia zvitnoi dokumentatsii (vid 24.09.43 r.), DARO, fond R-30, list 2, file 109, fol. 33; nakaz No. 5-A [suspil’nopolitychnoho referenta] Sarnens’koho nadraionu [«Lisova pisnia»] «Pavla» proprodovol’chu normu dlia uchasnykiv vyshkoliv (vid 13.10.43 r.), DARO, fond R-30, list 2, file 109, fol. 11; nakaz No. 6 [suspil’no-politychnoho referenta] Sarnens’koho nadraionu [«Lisova pisnia»] «Pavla» u riznykh orhanizatsiinykh spravakh (vid 18.10.43 r.), DARO, fond R-30, list 2, file 109, fols. 20-20 verso; nakaz No. 7-A [suspil’no-politychnoho referenta] Sarnens’koho nadraionu [«Lisova pisnia»] «Pavla» shchodo zakinchennia rozpodilu zemel’ ta z inshykh pytan’ (vid 23.10.43), DARO, fond R-30, list 2, file 109, fol. 32 verso.
[8] Volodymyr Serhiichuk, OUN-UPA v roky viiny (Kyiv: Dnipro, 1996), pp. 280-86, 360-61.
[9] Volodymyr Serhiichuk, Ukrains’kyi zdvyh. Volyn’. 1939-1955 (Kyiv: Ukrains’ka vydavnycha spilka, 2005), pp. 176-78, 189-95, 201-06, 208-24, 226-33, 240-62, 276-82, 284-95, 300-02, 322-32.
[10] Dmytro Viedienieiev and Hennadii Bystrukhin, «Povstans’ka rozvidka diie tochno i vidvazhno…» Dokumental’na spadshchyna pidrozdiliv spetsial’noho pryznachennia Orhanizatsii ukrains’kykh natsionalistiv ta Ukrains’koi povstans’koi armii. 1940-1950-ti roky. (Kyiv: K. I. S., 2006), pp. 232-36.
[11] Ibid., pp. 399-401.
[12] Materialy ta dokumenty sluzhby bezpeky OUN(B) u 1940-kh rr., comp. Oleksandr Lysenko and Ivan Patryliak (Kyiv: Instytut istorii Ukrainy NAN Ukrainy, 2003), pp. 101-45.
[13] Informatsii z nadraionu «Kolino» [VO «Bohun»] shefa r[ozvidcho]-i[nformatsiinoho] v[iddilu] [SB] nadraionu «Zymy» (vid 31.10.[1943 r.], Ukrains’kyi istorychnyi zhurnal #5 (1994): p. 108; informatsii z nadraionu «Kolino» [VO «Bohun»] shefa r[ozvidcho]-i[nformatsiinoho] [viddilu] [SB] nadraionu «Zymy» (vid 14.11.1943 r.), ibid., p. 111.
[14] Poliaky i ukraintsi mizh dvoma totalitarnymy systemamy. 1942-1945, vol. 4, part 1 of Pol’shcha ta Ukraina u trydtsiatykh-sorokovykh rokakh XX stolittia. Nevidomi dokumenty z arkhiviv spetsial’nykh sluzhb, ed. Serhii Bohunov et al., scholarly ed. H. Motyka et al., comp. B. Gronek et al. (Warsaw-Kyiv, 2005), pp. 726-29.
[15] Volodymyr Koval’chuk, Diial’nist’ OUN(b) i Zapillia UPA na Volyni I pivdennomu Polissi (1941-1944 rr.), vol. 7 of Litopys UPA Library Series (Toronto-L’viv: Litopys UPA, 2006), p. 63.
[16] Viktor Horobets’, Dilovodna dokumentatsiia Het’manshchyny XVII st. (Kyiv, 1993), p. 32.
[17] Koval’chuk, pp. 22, 42, and 52.

 
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