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Name: UPA Tactical Sector 27th 'Bastion': Lubachiv, Tomashiv and Yaroslav Regions (Documents and Materials)
Volume: 40
Editor in Chief: P.J. Potichnyj
Editor(s): P.J. Potichnyj
ISBN (Canada): 0-920092-73-X
ISBN (Ukraine): 966-7861-05-8
Pages Count: 600

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Description

27th Tactical Sector UPA–“Bastion”

The beginnings of the UPA on this territory may be traced to 1944, when the first Ukrainian National Self-Defence company known as “Mesnyky” was organized in early April in the vicinity of the village of Liublynets’, in Liubachiv county, eventually becoming part of Military Okruha “Buh.” Its organizer and first commander was Ivan Shpontak (“Zalizniak”, “Dubrovnyk”, “Lemish”) , who in March 1945 was appointed commander of the Liubachiv Tactical Sector of the UPA, Military Okruha “Buh”. After it was reorganized, in November of that year he was appointed commander of Tactical Sector UPA 27-“Bastion,” Military Okruha UPA 6-“Sian.” From the outset, this company took an active part in the struggle against the Germans, Red partisans, and the Polish Armia Krajowa. In time four more companies were formed, as well as a battalion that until October 1945 used the code name of “Mesnyky.” From October 1945, in accordance with an order issued by “Shelest”, the commander of UPA-West, companies within Military Okruha UPA 6-“Sian” were issued a numerical designation. Companies in Tactical Sector UPA 27-“Bastion” were given the numbers 97, 97a, 97b, 98, and 98a, but the earlier code name “Mesnyky” generally remained in popular use.

UPA Battalion “Mesnyky”— 1944-19471

As mentioned above, “Mesnyky” I company (97) was organized on 1 April 1944 in the county of Liubachiv, and its first commander (April-October 1944) was Ivan Shpontak (“Zalizniak”). Later, from September 1944 to September 1945, the company was under the command of Ivan Shymanskyi (“Shum”) . From November 1945 the commander was “Uman’” (“Boiko”), followed by Vasyl’ Shchyrba (“Pidkova”), who was commander from February to March 1946. The last commander of the company, until September 1947, was Hryhorii Mazur (“Kalynovych”). Its field of operations was mostly the 2nd raion of Okruha “Baturyn”

“Mesnyky” II (98), formed out of self-defence groups led by Hryhorii Levko (“Kruk”) and “Pidkova”, was organized in November 1944. A few privates from Mesnyky I company were added to it. This company had several commanders. From 15 November until mid-December 1944 its commander was “Metelyk” (“Petrenko”), and later, from 26 December 1944 to April 1945, “Bis”. After his departure for medical treatment, Teodor Bulas (“Balai”) headed the company from 13 April 1945. From 16 July 1945 the commander was “Uman’” (“Balai”) was again commander of the company from September 1945 until his death in May 1946. The last commander of the company, from 30 May 1946 until summer 1947, was Mykola Taraban (“Tucha”). The company operated in the 4th raion of Okruha “Baturyn.”

“Mesnyky” III (97a), formed out of regular units of “Mesnyky” I and II and new recruits from Uhniv and Peremyshl counties, was organized in spring 1945. The commander of the company from September 1945 to 1947 was “Shum”. Its territory of operations was the 5th raion of Okruha “Baturyn.” “Mesnyky” IV (98a) was organized in January 1946. This unit existed only briefly and was disbanded by July of that year, its privates assigned to “Kruk’s” company. The commander of the unit was Vasyl’ Yarmola (“Yar”).

“Mesnyky” V (97b), organized in April 1946, operated until September 1947. The commander of the company was Hryhorii Levko (“Kruk”). After “Yar’s” company was disbanded, this unit became the fourth company within the battalion. “Mesnyky” V operated in the 1st and 3rd raions of Okruha “Baturyn.”

It should be added that the sub-unit “Pereiaslavy” I, led by Yaroslav Hamela (“Bryl’”), which formed part of Tactical Sector UPA-“Roztochchia”, Military Okruha-“Buh”, was also deployed on the territory of Tactical Sector “Bastion” during 1946-47.2

The staff of Tactical Sector “Bastion” and the battalion, during the last period of its existence, consisted of the Commander of the Tactical Sector, battalion commander “Zalizniak”, the secretary “Sokil”, his assistant “Yaryi”, the political instructor “Kamin’”, the bodyguards “Dub”, “Koval’”, “Mylo” [?], and the cook “Kozak”.3

* * *

This volume contains documents and materials related to Tactical Sector UPA 27-“Bastion”, which was under the command of Maj. Ivan Shpontak (“Zalizniak”). “Bastion” formed part of the 6th Military Okruha UPA-“Sian,” commanded by Maj. Myroslav Onyshkevych (“Orest”), and the 2nd Okruha of OUN-“Baturyn,” which encompassed Yaroslav, Liubachiv, and Syniava counties, part of the Tomashiv region, and the northern part of Peremyshl county. All the documents in this volume are from the Peter J. Potichnyj Collection on Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in Ukraine located at the University of Toronto.

The section devoted to Tactical Sector “Bastion” contains eight chapters. Chapter One contains nineteen Operational Reports from units and sub-units of the “Mesnyky” battalion, which operated on this territory,4 as well as various addenda and supplements and four other reports. All the reports date from August 1944 to mid-1947.

Chapter Two includes the “Chronicle” of the “Mesnyky” battalion, which covers the period from 22 November 1944 to 13 July 1946.5 Some parts of the chronicle are missing, as well as the concluding pages of other sections of the chronicle and the names of its authors. For example, the footnote on p. 2 of the chronicle kept by the 2nd Sub-Unit of “Mesnyky” states that “the Chronicle of the 2nd Sub-Unit…from the date that it was organized until 30 April 1945 has been stored.” Authors’ names are missing from certain sections of the chronicle, as well as a clear identification of units. Thus, the question of which part of the chronicle describes the actions of which unit of the “Mesnyky” battalion may be resolved only by a careful reading of the contents.

The next chapter contains reports of some battles fought by “Mesnyky” units,6 an extract from operational reports of the “Mesnyky” battalion for the months of September and the first half of October 1945,7 an operational report by commander “Bryl” (“Pereiaslavy” I) about a sudden attack on the city of Seniava on 8 May 1946,8 and a description of a battle with the Communists on 2 September 1945, fought by the “Halaida” I unit under the command of “Peremoha”.9

Chapter Four contains fourteen dispatches addressed to various people and of varying provenances. The first describes events in the 3rd raion, particularly “Sava’s” platoon, in which the soldier “Gonta” (V. Grendovych) was killed. This appears to be a report by raion leader Ivan Horais’kyi (“Zeles”).10 The next report, signed “L,” comes from the 4th raion. The third dispatch talks about okruha leader Dmytro Dzioba (“Surmach”) of hallowed memory and the okruha leader responsible for organizational matters Mykola Vynnychuk (“Vyr”). But without a signature it is difficult to establish the author’s identity and the addressee to whom this note was sent.11 The following unsigned dispatch discusses the problem of installing cadres of politically experienced people in the field and the need to reorganize the underground. It also mentions “Vyr” and the late “Surmach”.12 The following note is written by “Lemish,” who mentions the 2nd raion, the field of operations of “Kalynovych’s” company. The dispatch mentions “Letun,” the Security Service leader from the 1st Okruha, who was killed on this territory sometime later.13 The next three dispatches are signed “45,” and we have been unable to establish the identity of this author.14 The first, dated 21.III.1947, mentions the leader responsible for organizational matters, “Shamrai,” from the Tomashiv region. The second, dated 8.IV.47, also discusses events in the 5th raion, (the village of Verbytsia), as does the third dispatch, which mentions the villages of Deviatyr, Horynets’, and Ruda Zhuravets’ka. A dispatch, dated 2.V.1947, is probably a report by Ivan Shpontak-“Zalizniak,” who also used the numerical code “25.” It discusses the deportation of Ukrainians from the territories of Yaroslav and Liubachiv regions and confirms the lack of communications with Tactical Sector “Lemko”.15 The next dispatch is probably a report from Myroslav Onyshkevych to commander “Shelest” or correspondence with the commander of Military Okruha “Buh.”16 It mentions commander “Bryl’”, as well as the units of “Dovbush” and “Chavs,” which belonged to Military Okruha “Buh” and were temporarily assigned to the territory of Zakerzonnia. The dispatch is signed “Bilyi,” one of Onyshkevych’s noms de guerre. A dispatch, dated 21.V.47 and addressed to “Bohdan,” also comes from the 5th raion, because it mentions Ruda Zhuravets’ka.17 It is signed “21,” a code that we have been unable to decipher. The next dispatch is signed Hryhorii Hryts’(“Firman”), the kushch leader from the 5th raion.18 It discusses various losses of military personnel in this raion. A dispatch addressed to commander “Bilyi” (probably M. Onyshkevych) reports on the deaths of commander “22” (we have been unable to decipher this numerical codename) and the provisioner “Puhach” in the village of Torfovys’ka Richyts’ki. The author of the dispatch requests that a new platoon leader be appointed and reports on the deaths of commander “Voronyi” and two privates in the village of Verbytsia. The dispatch is signed with the nom de guerre “Solomka”.19A dispatch signed “Orlyk” reports that the hidden grain is wet and requests instructions on what to do next, although the author suggests trading the wet grain for spirits in the local alcohol factory.20 A dispatch dated 2.VII.1947 and signed “Chornyi” discusses the difficult situation in the field, deportations, KGB actions, and personnel losses reaching 40 percent.21 The last dispatch is from “Zhmailo,” who reports on “Yavir’s” illness and a misunderstanding with the kushch leader “Firman” concerning the distribution of underclothing to the privates.22

Chapter Five lists the contents of the postal registry book that belonged to the commander of Military Okruha 6-“Sian,” Myroslav Onyshkevych. He has been identified because the individuals who carried out courier duties were usually people from his staff of bodyguards. This register consists of two separate notebooks labeled “Outgoing Mail” and “Incoming Mail,” which include exact information on the dates when mail was sent and received, addressees (usually listed by a numerical nom de guerre), couriers, and a short list of forwarded materials. Although this register covers only a brief period of time, it helps us to understand the method and forms of communications that were applied to the arduous conditions of life in the underground. Some of the noms de guerre listed in the registers are also found in other documents included in this volume. Unfortunately, we were unable to identify the real names behind these pseudonyms. We hope that in time other researchers will be able to decipher them. Therefore, with this goal in mind, we have published the materials contained in the two notebooks.23

Chapter Six contains lists of the fallen and reports on casualties. The first is a List of the Fallen on the Field of Glory for 1944-194524 and a List of the Fallen on the Field of Glory for 1946.25 The next list, untitled and undated (Billet 6.VIII.?), records a rather large number of fallen UPA soldiers, which may help to determine some names of fallen soldiers included in the two preceding lists whose names are encoded.26

Chapter Seven includes a list of officers and non-commissioned officers of the battalion,27 which is signed “Lemish.”

Chapter Eight contains extracts of three orders with drafts of promotions, commendations, distinctions, stars awarded to wounded soldiers, and posthumous promotions for officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates in Tactical Sector “Bastion.”28 The extract of order no. 12 is signed by the Commander of UPA-West “R. Shelest” and the Chief of Staff “V. Savchuk.” Two other orders are signed “Oleh” (M. Onyshkevych).

Chapter Nine contains two instructions. The first, called provisionally “An Instruction for Report Writers,” indicates the correct usage of various terms in the preparation of reports by underground members.29 The second instruction is a reminder of the need to provide underground storehouses with adequate protection from spring floodwaters.30

2nd OUN Okruha “Baturyn”

The second part of the book focuses on the 2nd OUN Okruha “Baturyn,” which incorporated the same territories as Tactical Sector UPA-“Bastion,” specifically the Liubachiv, Yaroslav, and Tomashiv regions and part of Peremyshl county. Okruha “Baturyn” consisted of one Nadraion (a Nadraion with the rights of an Okruha) divided into five raions.31 The main political and military leadership of Zakerzonnia Krai was also deployed in this Okruha. This was the base of operations and site of death of the Leader of Zakerzonnia Krai Yaroslav Starukh (“Stiah,” “Yarlan,” “h”), the Responsible Leader for the Security Service Petro Fedoriv (“Dal’nych”), who was captured in his hiding place, and the Commander of Military Okruha UPA 6-“Sian” Myroslav Onyshkevych (“Orest,” “Bilyi”, “Oleh”). The Responsible Leader for Propaganda Vasyl’ Halasa (“Orlan”) was the only one of the leaders who was located in the 1st OUN Okruha.

Chapter One contains “News from the Field,” a survey of events taking place in Okruha Baturyn.32 They cover only the months of March, May-June, and September-November 1946. The months of September, October, and November also have addenda. Both the publication of the news and the addenda for the last months of 1946 were prepared in April 1947. None of the issues of this publication has an identified author. Some of the information listed here may also be found in Litopys UPA, vol.16, which is devoted to the underground publications of Zakerzonnia Krai.

The next chapter contains an “Information Report” for the month of May 1946, written by Okruha organizational leader “Vyr” (Mykola Vynnychuk). It includes, among other items of information, the circumstances of the death of Okruha leader Dmytro Dzioba, (“Surmach”,“Bohun”,“Stal’”,”Khlop”) and Petro Vasylenko (“Volosh”,“Hetmanets’”), who were killed in May 1946.33

The chapter entitled “Various Announcements” contains eight reports that touch on various aspects of the underground administration in 1946-47. The first one, probably written by “Vyr”, is a “Situation Report” for the period covering 7-12 March 1946, which briefly describes various actions carried out by UPA units.34 The document entitled “The General Situation in the Field” after the death of Dmytro Dzioba (“Surmach”), is a report by “Vyr” about the situation in the Okruha at the first meeting of the Okruha leadership, which took place on 11.VII.1947.35 Next follows an “Announcement about the Situation in the Field/Yaroslav, Syniava, Liubachiv, Tomashiv regions” of January 1947, signed “K,” probably Mykola Vynnychuk, whose other nom de guerre was “Korniichuk.”36 This is followed by an operational report by Leader “Tref” for May-June 194637 and a report from “Zhmailo,” who describes events that took place in 1945 on the territory of Zhovkva and his move to Zakerzonnia.38 The next document is a brief report about the possibility of establishing communications across the river Sian, written by “Zhan,” (Mykhailo Borys), the Leader of the 2nd raion.39 This is followed by a report entitled “From Poland,” which includes brief accounts of the situation in Poland and the Poles’ opinion about the UPA. This document also mentions two UPA deserters who entered the service of the Polish Ministry of Security and are tracing and identifying members of the underground.40 The chapter concludes with an unsigned military report for the month of April 1947 from the 5th raion.41

The final chapter of the book contains three letters, all signed with the nom de guerre “Pravd,” which, judging by their contents, were addressed to the clandestine publishing house “Peremoha.”42 The true identity of this person has not been established. There are also two letters addressed to “Vasyl’”. It is quite possible that the addressee was Vasyl’ Halasa, who at the time was the Krai leader responsible for propaganda. However, such an assumption is challenged by the fact that in the underground, correspondence was always conducted according to conspiratorial principles that excluded the possibility of using the real name or surname of an addressee.

Finally, we are reprinting here three operational reports43 of Lt. Col. Szopinski, Commander of the 2d Independent Operational Battalion of Internal Forces (KBW) from 25 March 1945 and his reports as a Commander of the 4th Operational Brigade of Internal Forces, from 27 March 1945 and 6 April, 1945. The units mentioned here were characterized by sharp hostility in their actions against the Ukrainian villages. These reports overestimate the insurgent forces and even mention the UPA aviation. Òhe reported number of UPA casualties (240 revised to 540) in the skirmishes of 21 March 1945 reported by Szopinski is completely false . There were no skirmishes with the UPA on that day, and only the pacification took place of Novyi and Staryi Liublynets’, the two unarmed Ukrainian villages. Under UPA casualties are probably reported innocent villagers that were murdered by these Polish units. In two skirmishes on 23 March the Ukrainian side used approximately 120 men and the UPA suffered no casualties.

Finally, the Appendix to the book contains the Organizational Structure of the Tactical Sector 27-“Bastion” and the Organizational Structure of the 2d OUN Okruha-“Baturyn”.

* * *

I extend my sincerest gratitude to Mykola Kulyk for his help in collecting photographs for this volume, making corrections to the materials, identifying various people mentioned in this book, and for his administrative assistance. I am most grateful to Stepan Shpak, who helped to locate archival documents.

Peter J. Potichnyj



[1] The composition of the command staff of this battalion’s companies is derived from the most authoritative source, Yevhen Misylo’s Povstanski mohyly, vol. 1, Warsaw-Toronto, 1995, pp. 106-10. Yevhen Misylo also lists information from Volodymyr Chornyi, which indicates that the commanders of the “Mesnyky” II company were: “Bis” — from October 1944; “Petrenko” (“Metelyk”) — from April 1945; “Uman” (“Boiko”) — from July 1945; and “Shum” — from September 1945 to September 1947. The commanders of “Mesnyky” III company were: “Balai” — from April 1945; and “Tucha” — from April 1946 to September 1947. In his reference book Petro Sodol lists the following composition of the command staff of the companies: “Mesnyky” I (97), “Shum”, “Uman’,” “Pidkova,” “Kalynovych”; “Mesnyky” II (98), “Bis,” “Balai,” “Tucha”; “Mesnyky” III (97a), “Bis,” “Uman’,” “Shum”; “Mesnyky” IV (98a), “Yar”; “Mesnyky V (97b)”, “Kruk.” Petro Sodol, Ukrainska Povstancha Armiia 1943-49: Dovidnyk Druhyi. New York: Proloh, 1995, p. 180. In the protocol of the hearings Myroslav Onyshkevych (“Orest”) provides the following data: “Kruk’s” Company was organized in spring 1946. “Kruk” was the leader responsible for organization and mobilization in the 1st Raion or the Raion kushch leader [kushch SKV]. “Kalynovych’s” company has existed for a long time, he is a company commander since 1946. “Tucha’s” company was organized in winter 1944-45. “Shum’s” company exists since spring 1946, while “Bryl’s” company arrived from Military Okruha-2-“Buh.” He does not mention “Yar’s” company at all. Protoko³ przes³uchania podejrzanego, 10.III.1948, pp. 42-43, henceforward Protokol pereslukhannia. The organizational scheme of the Tactical Sector is listed at the end of the book.
[2] UPA na L’vivshchyni i Yaroslavshchyni: Spohady i dokumenty voiakiv UPA TV „Roztochchia””, 1943-1947. Litopys UPA, vol. 31, Toronto-Lviv, 2001.
[3] Protokol pereslukhannia, p. 41.
[4] Operatyvnyi zvit [26.VIII.44-23.III.45], (Postii 15.1.1946); Operatyvnyi zvit [March 1945]. “Mesnyky” I-II, (Postii 10.III.1946); Dopovnennia do operatyvnoho zvitu; Operatyvnyi zvit za chas vid 1.V-15.XI.1945, (Postii 6 January 1947); Korotkyi vytiah z Operatyvnoho zvitu za veresen’ i pershu polovynu zhovtnia 1945, (Postii ?); Zvit za chas vid 1-31.XII. 1945, (Postii 15.I.1946); Zvit za chas vid 15-30.IX.1945 (Postii 15.I. 1946); Zvit za chas vid 1-31.I.1946, (Postii 15.II.1946); Operatyvnyi zvit “Okunia” za chas vid 20.I-20.II.1946) (actually 21.I-10.II.1946, (Postii 20.III.1946); Zvit za chas vid 1.II-28.II.1946, (Postii 7.III.1946); [Zvit pro vtratu 4-okh liudei], Kruk, IV d. vid 20.II-20.III.46; [Zvit za] Berezen’ 1946, (Postii 8.III.1946); Dani pro vlasni ta vorozhi vtraty v liudiakh i maini (Postii 15.III.1946); [Zvit za] Kviten’ 1946, (Postii 15.5.1946); [Zvit za] Traven’ 1946, (Postii 8.VII.1946); [Zvit za] Cherven’ 1946, (Postii 20.7.1946); [Zvit za] Lypen’ 1946, (Postii 15.8.1945?); [Zvit za] Serpen’ 1946, (Postii 3.9.1946); [Zvit za] Veresen’ 1946, (Postii 14.I.1947); Zaluchnyk za veresen’ 1946; [Zvit za] Zhovten’ 1946, (Postii 21.I.1947); [Zvit za] Lystopad 1946, (Postii 12.XII.1946); Zaluchnyk do Lystopadu [1946]; [Zvit za] Hruden’ 1946, (Postii 15.I.1947); Zaluchnyk za hruden’ 1946; Dani pro vlasni ta vorozhi vtraty v liudiakh i maini za 1946, (Postii 19.I.1947); [Zvit za] Sichen’ 1947, (Postii 7.II.1947); Zaluchnyk za sichen’ 1947; Zvit pro zlovlennia poliakiv v chasi poliuvannia, (Postii 18.III.1947); Deiaki dani pro roztashuvannia vorozhykh syl, (Postii 27.IV.1947).
[5] [Khronika “Mesnykiv” ?] vid (15?) 22.XI.1944 do 8.1.1945 r. (Postii ?); [Khronika “Mesnykiv”] vid 2 bereznia 1945 do 30 kvitnia 1945 r. (Postii ?); Viddil “Mesnykiv,” Pidviddil 2-yi. Khronika vid 1 chervnia do 31 serpnia 1945 r., (Postii 10.9.1945); Pidviddil “Mesnyky” III. Khronika vid 1 sichnia do 6 bereznia 1946 r. (Postii ?); [Khronika “Mesnykiv”]. Vid 1 sichnia do 2 bereznia 1946 r., (Postii ?); Khronika vid 1 chervnia do 13 lypnia 1946 r. (Postii ?).
[6] Reportazhi deiakykh boiv viddiliv “Mesnyky”, (Postii 3.I.1947).
[8] Operatyvnyi zvit zi skoku na misto Seniavu v dni 8.V.1946, (Postii 14.V.1946).
[9] [Opys boiu Halaida I kom. “Peremohy” z Bilshovykamy], (Postii 24.I.1947).
[10] Druzhe Providnyk! (Postii 19.I.47).
[11] Druzhe Kn! (Postii 1.II.47).
[12] Druzhe K! (Postii 17.III.47).
[13] Druzhe Providnyk (Postii 23.III.47).
[14] Druzhe Komandyr! (Postii 21.III.1947); Druzhe K-r! (Postii 8.IV.47); Druzhe K-r! (Postii ?).
[15] Druzhe Providnyk! (Postii 2.V.1947).
[16] Druzhe Komandyr! (Postii 11.V.47).
[17] Druzhe Bohdan (Postii 21.V.47).
[18] Druzhe K-r (Postii 27.V.1947).
[19] Druzhe k-r Bily (Postii 21.VI.47).
[20] Druzhe Komandyr! (Postii 8.IV.47).
[21] Druzhe K. (Postii 2.VII.47)
[22] Druzhe Komandyr! (Postii ?).
[23] Poshta vykhodiacha, Poshta prykhodiacha, Roll 3, 192-197, 212-219.
[24] Lysta vpavshykh za [1944-1945] (Postii 15.I.1946).
[25] Lysta vpavshykh na Poli Slavy za 1946 (Postii ?).
[26] [Spysok polehlykh] (Postii 6.VIII.?).
[27] Evidentsiinyi lystok starshyn i pidstarshyn UPA. (Postii ?).
[28] Vytiah z Nakazu no. 12 z datoiu 28.IV.1945; Vytiah z Nakazu no. 1/46 z datoiu 12.I.1946; ta Vytiah z Nakazu no. 2/46 z datoiu 23.V.1946. These extracts have been taken from the original orders covering the entire Military Okruha UPA 6-“Sian.”
[29] [Instruktsiia dlia zvitodavtsiv] (Postii ?).
[30] Instruktsiia (Postii 10.II.1947).
[31] However, some Polish security reports discuss the existence of two Nadraions with respect to the underground Security Service. In our opinion, this is rather a division of functional duties, not the administrative structure of the Okruha.
[32] Vistky z terenu za misiats berezen’ 1946 (Postii Kviten’ 1946); Vistky z terenu za misiats’ traven’ 1946. (Postii 15.VI. 1946); Vistky z terenu za misiats’ cherven’ 1946 (Postii 20.VII.1946); Vistky z terenu za misiats’ veresen’ 1946 (Postii 10.X.1946); i Dodatok (Postii 16.XI.1946); Vistky z terenu za misiats’ zhovten’ 1946, (Postii 25.XII.1946); i Dodatok, (Postii 28.IV.1947); Vistky z terenu za misiats’ lystopad 1946, (Postii 25.I.1947); i Dodatok (Postii 27.IV.1947).
[33] Informatyvnyi zvit za misiats’ traven’ 1946 r., (Postii 20.VI.1946).
[34] Sytuatsiine zvidomlennia, (Postii 16.III.1946).
[35] Zahal’ne polozhennia v tereni zreferovane na 1-mu zasidanni okruzhnoho provodu pislia smerti sl. p. Providnyka „Surmacha” druhom V. 11.VII.1946 (Postii ?).
[36] Povidomlennia pro sytuatsiiu v tereni. /Yaroslavshchyna, Syniavshchyna, Liubachivshchyna, Tomashivshchyna/. Sichen 1947, (Postii 8.II.1947).
[37] Operatyvnyi zvit za chas vid 20.V.-20.VI.1946. (Postii 20.VI.1946).
[38] [Zvit “Zhmaila”], (Postii 27.I.1947).
[39] Zvit pro stan luchby cherez r. Sian, (Postii 28.III.1947).
[40] Z Pol’shchi v chasi vid 8 do 24.III.1947, (Postii ?).
[41] Viis’kovyi zvit za misiats’ kviten’ 1947 roku, (Postii 15.V.1947).
[42] Vydavnytstvu “Peremoha”, (Postii 15.III.1947); Druzhe Vasyl’ (in parentheses: dlia Peremoha), (Postii ?); Druzhe Vasyl’, (Postii 4.II.1947).
[43] Ppłk. Szopinski, Do Dowództwa Wojsk Wewnetrznych. Raport operacyjny. 25.3.1945; Ppłk. Szopinski, Raport operacyjny z dnia 27.3.1945; Ppłk. Szopinski, Raport operacyjny Nr. 6 z dnia 6.4.1945 r.; See also: Oleksandr Babliak‚ “Bii na Mal’nykakh dnia 21 bereznia 1945 roku” in the book Vladyslav Kozubel’, ed., Tut bulo nashe selo. L’viv (n.d.), pp. 76–84; Antoni B. Szczesniak, Wies³aw Z. Szota, Droga do nikąd. Dzia³alność Organizacji Ukrainskich Nacionalistów i jej likwidacja w Polsce. Warszawa, MON, 1973, pp. 370, 372.


Summaries

Page 162. Operatyvni Zvity

The Operational Reports (Operatyvni zvity) cover the period from August 1944 to January 1947. The reports describe in some detail the activities of the UPA units in the Tactical Sector 27-“Bastion”. Some reports (for November and December 1946 and for January 1947) have additional Annexes (Zaluchnyky), which summarize the numerical status of military units and their equipment. There are also two reports on the losses of personnel and equipment of the UPA and the enemy units (Germans, Soviets, Poles) for 1945 and 1946. One other report describes the capture and release of the Polish Militia members, and another provides an overview of the number and location of the enemy units in this terrain.

Page 232. Khroniky

The Chronicle of the “Mesnyky”Battalion (Khronika “Mesnykiv”) is comprised of five parts and generally covers the period from November 1945 to July 1946. Some parts of the Chronicle are missing and only a careful reading allows one to determine which unit’s activities are described in each separate section. The Chronicle describes daily routines of military units, their movement, and training and operational activities.

Page 246. Reportazhi

This section is composed of four reports. The first one provides brief accounts of various skirmishes of the “Mesnyky” units (Reportazhi deiakykh viddiliv “Mesnyky”) during the Winter of 1944/1945 and the Fall and Winter of 1945/1946. The second offers brief extracts from operational reports for the months of September and the first half of October 1945 (Korotkyi vytiah z operatyvnykh zvitiv kurenia “Mesnykiv” za misiatsi veresen’ i pershu polovynu zhovtnia 1945). The third one describes the attack of the unit “Pereiaslavy” I on the town of Seniava on May 8, 1946, and the fourth is a report of the skirmish of the unit “Halaida” I, commanded by “Peremoha” with the Soviets on September 2, 1945.

Page 262. Shtafety

This section encloses 15 brief communication notes of different provenance. Some of them are letters from unit commanders while others originate with political leaders of various underground administrative levels. They raise various matters that require immediate attention. Most of them are from 1947.

Page 280. Rejestr pidpilnoji poshty

This section contains a register of the underground mail sent to and from Myroslav Onyshkevych (“Orest”), the Commander of the VO UPA 6-“Sian”. It provides an interesting insight into the underground courier service and its daily operations for a brief period, from February 7 to May 3, 1947, at the time when the Polish military was exerting great pressure on the Ukrainian underground.

Page 308. Polehli

This section contains lists of the Fallen on the Field of Glory for 1944-1945, and 1946. The first and last names and the place of birth of many soldiers are given in code and it was not possible to decode them for this publication.

Page 324. Sklad viddilu

This section contains the list of officers and non-commissioned officers of the “Bastion” battalion who fell in battle. The information provides the first and last name (in code), nome de guerre, birthdate, place of birth (in code), rank and function, education and profession, former military service, when, where and how died, place of burial and remarks.

Page 356. Nakazy

This section contains extracts of three Orders that regulate promotions, decorations and commendations for the officers and soldiers of the Tactical Sector “Bastion” for the years 1944-1946.

Page 360. Instruktsii

Herein are found two instructions. The first one, whose date is not known, pertains to proper usage of various terms, which may be used in reports. The second requires all personnel responsible for warehouses to make certain that the spring thaw doesn’t damage goods in underground bunkers.

Page 434. Vistky z terenu

The six reports entitled News from the Terrain (“Vistky z terenu”), with supplements for September, October and November 1946, provide an interesting overview of the events in the territory of Okruha “Baturyn” from the perspective of the Ukrainian underground.

Page 440. Informatyvnyi Zvit

The Informational Report (“Informatyvnyi zvit”) for May 1946 was written by Mykola Vynnychuk (“Vyr”), who was responsible for organizational matters in the Okruha “Baturyn”. It concentrates on the activities of the Polish authorities in the region and the suffering of the Ukrainian population as result of these actions.

Page 468. Rizni povidomlennia

This section contains various reports. “Zhmailo” describes his trip from Ukraine into Poland across the border and difficulties that were associated with it. Mykola Vynnychuk (“Vyr”) in his “Situational Report” (“Sytuatsiine zvidomlennia”) describes events in the territory in March 1946. His other report “The General Situation in the Terrain” (“Zahal’ne polozhennia v tereni…”) is especially important because it describes the situation in the Okruha “Baturyn” as it developed after the death of Okruha Leader Dmytro Dzioba (“Surmach”) in May, 1946. The report was delivered at the meeting of Okruha leadership on July 11, 1946. Two reports, “Operational report” (“Operatyvnyi zvit”) written by “Tref”, and the “Military report for April 1947” (“Viis’kovyi zvit za misiats’ kviten’ 1947”) describe military operations by the territorial (Kushch) organizations. “The Report on the Situation in the Terrain” (“Povidomlennia pro sytuatsiiu v tereni”) describes events in Iaroslav, Seniava, Liubachiv and Tomashiv regions in January 1947. The last two items are: The Report on Liaison Across River San (“Zvit pro stan luchby cherez r. Sian”), and a general report entitled “From Poland” (“Z Pol’shchi”) describing various snippets of public opinion among the Polish population.

Page 476. Spravy Tekhnichnoho Oseredku

This section contains correspondence pertaining to the activities of the Technical Unit and the publishing center “Peremoha”. All three letters were written by “Pravd” and raise various points on the quality of underground publications.

Page 482. Polski Dokumenty

The three documents presented here are operational reports of Lt. Col. Szopinski, who commanded the 2d Independent Battalion, and the 4th Brigade of the Internal Forces of Poland. These units took part in action on the villages Liublynets’ Staryi, Liublynets’ Novyi, Horaiets’, Kachory and Hotyliv. These actions resulted in the killing of large numbers of unarmed Ukrainian villagers who are represented in the reports as armed units of “banderivtsi”. The information about the UPA units is magnified out of proportion and the information about Commander “Zalizniak” is quite false. These documents illustrate false reports on actions against the Ukrainian villages.

 
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